It was Lady Curzon’s initiative that made people aware about the rare bio-diversity available in Kaziranga National Park. In the year 1926, hunting was banned in this park, and since then jungle tourism in India had acquired a new dimension. Located in the Golaghat and Nagaon districts of Assam.
Kaziranga Tourism is now a major destination of jungle tourism. Spread over an area of 429.93 sq km. , this UNESCO World Heritage site is the abode of some rarest and finest species of wildlife. The park is widely popular because of the One-horned rhinoceros (Unicorns). More than 70% of the world’s total population of One-horned rhinos is found here. These rhinos are very peace-loving in nature and never create trouble for the curious tourists. Apart from this, it also has the record of having highest-density of tigers in the world, which is, one per 5 sq km. In addition to this, there is a vast diversity of other animals in this park, like Leopard, Fishing Cat, Large Indian Civet, Sloth Bear, Capped Langoor, Hog deer, Assamese Macaque, Hooloc Gibbon, Gangetic Dolphin, Swamp Deer, Gaur, Hog Badger, Chinese Ferret Badgers, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, etc. Such rich wildlife sets a very high standard for adventure tourism in India.
Apart from animals, birds form an important part of jungle tourism and Kaziranga National Park is the abode to 480 species of birds. Many endangered species like Baza, Bengal Florican, Hornbills, Osprey add to the appeal of Kaziranga Tourism. Added to this, is the wide variety of resident and migratory birds like, Lesser White-fronted Goose, Ferruginous Duck, Black-necked Stork, Imperial eagles and Asian openbill can be found here.
Kaziranga Tourism is also renowned for its aquatic flora and fauna. At least 150 water bodies pass through this area, which results to a rare floral diversity. This area is inhabited by 60 species of fish. So far, 32 species of flora have been found. This park also has reserves of elephant grass, marshland and dense tropical moist broad leaf forests. It has special provisions for distressed animals. Special rehabilitation centers are located in the park to take proper care of these animals.
Kaziranga-Wildlife tours and Elephant safaris are available for the tourists, making it an ideal destination for adventure tourism. Various observation towers are located all throughout the park, enabling the visitors to have a real taste of jungle tourism. Such watch-towers are located at Kathpara, Harmoti, Sohola, Mihimukh and Foliamari. Though these names sound inaccessible, yet, in reality, they are easy to reach on elephant-backs. These elephants are managed by authorized trainers (mahouts), and guide through the entire ride. An early morning elephant-ride is the best experience of Kaziranga tourism, as it provides ample opportunities to spot the animals. Boat rides are also arranged at the close-by Rhino land Park for the tourists.
The nearest airport to Kaziranga National Park is at Rowraiah (Jorhat) and another one at Tezpur. The nearest railway station is at Guwahati. The park has a distance of 96 km from Jorhat and 217 kms. from Guwahati by road. The best time to visit the park is between Novembers to April. Government of Assam has taken many initiatives to encourage Kaziranga Tourism. The Department of Environment and Forest, Government of Assam, has set up four tourist lodges at Kohora and three tourist lodges inside the park. Other rest houses and bungalows are also maintained by the Indian Tourism Development Corporation. The vast natural resource, wide variety of wildlife, beautiful terrain and positive initiatives by the Government, has transformed Kaziranga tourism into a hotspot of adventure tourism in India.