Titanium needs special machining facilities that are now provided by a variety of machining companies. Titanium is a metal that is closely associated with the aerospace industry. The industry relies heavily on parts that are machined from solid titanium metal. Titanium can be machined in a highly economical manner if the shop procedures are duly set up such that it allows leeway for those physical characteristics that are common to the metal. The factors that need consideration are not that complex. However, they are imperative to the successful handling of titanium.
One of the most important factors would be the different grades that titanium comes in. These would be because commercially pure titanium and its various alloys all will not have completely identical machining characteristics. Another thing that has to be kept in mind in case of titanium machining is that this metal has extremely low thermal conductivity. Due to this the dissipation of heat is inhibited and thus an extremely efficient application and use of coolants is required.
So for titanium machining, tool maintenance and quality work can be achieved by using a rigid machine set up with a quality coolant. Apart from that proper and sharp tools with slower speeds as well as heavier feeds are required. The use of tools that are really sharp is essential as if the tools are dull it will tend to accentuate the build up of heat. This will in turn cause undue premature failure of tools. Carbide tools are known to be the most effective when it comes to turning titanium metal.
When carbide is unavailable, cast alloy tools can be used as a substitute. Titanium machining can thus be achieved with the right set up and conditions.
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