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Science & Reference & Education Article Category
Articles about or concerning Science, Environment, Scientific Events, Ecology, Genetics, Scientific Fields, Scientific Advances, Disease, Scientific Commentary, Biology, and Human Anatomy.
Latest Articles

Long Term Memory Creation

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 Yovan P. Putra (June 18, 2008)  When we study about memory in organism, we can use different point of view. We can study the memory using the cognitive psychology, cognitive neurology or any other standpoints. From the perspective of cognitive psychology, at least we can group memory in three categories, sensory register, Short-Term Memory (STM) and Long-Term Memory (LTM). After perceived by one of the senses, a .. (Science)

The Theory of Everything Finally Revealed Secret Relationship Between Gravity and Electromagnetism

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 Al Gammate (June 17, 2008)  The theory of everything (TOE) is a theory that fully explains and links together all known physical phenomena. Nevertheless, this theory hasn't been found yet. After Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity was published in 1915, the search for the theory of everything combining gravity with electromagnetism began. Though Einstein thought it was possible to find such a theory, .. (Science)

How to Run Your Car on Water How it Really Works

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 Mark A Myers (June 16, 2008)  Have you ever wondered why modern science hasn't found a way to run your car on water? Such technology has existed for over 90 years and is free to use. Modern science did, just a long time ago. The reason it never became mainstream was that gasoline was too readily available and inexpensive. Here is how to run your car on water. 1. Find a source of electricity (try your battery) 2. .. (Science)

4 Accurate Ways to Tell Directions Without Your Camping Digital Compass

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 Nicole Munoz (June 16, 2008)  10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000! Based on estimates on our own galaxy, astronomers have guessed that's roughly how many stars exist in our universe. “So what?" you might be asking. Well, if you've forgotten or lost your camping digital compass (or simply want to be challenged) you can use other methods to determine your location, when lost in the wilderness. Whether you need to get . (Science)

Dark Matter - Plasma of Super Particles

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 Jay Alfred (June 15, 2008)  What if the Electron was as massive as the Proton? Lighter electrons, under the Standard Model, are more mobile and are captured by a nucleus of protons easily. But what if electrons were as massive as protons? Would we have atoms at room temperature? Would the world look the same? Supersymmetric Plasma It is postulated by plasma metaphysics that supersymmetric bulk matter or dark .. (Science)

Hardest Mineral

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 Mayline Homecillo (June 09, 2008)  What do a glittering diamond and a lead pencil have in common? Diamonds are very hard and the graphite of the pencil's tip is very soft. These two different substances contain a wonderful proof of creation called carbon. A rough, unpolished diamond is the hardest of all minerals. For this reason, a crystal diamond is used to cut and to drill all kinds of material and is also used as an .. (Science)

Fun Science Projects

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 William Gabie (June 06, 2008)  We have a number of short Examples Of Science Fair Projects. In this short easy elementary science projects we are going to see some of the interesting things that happen because of the density of liquids. The density of and object has to do with how tightly packed the object is. Two objects can weigh the same but one is smaller than the other, the smaller one is packed more tightly and . (Science)

UFOs and Evolution: is There a Connection?

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 Joel Kontinen (June 02, 2008)  Have you seen any flying saucers lately? Many people think they have. Even now, reports of mysterious sightings are circulating in the press and on Internet forums. The modern UFO boom began in June 1947 when a businessman named Kenneth Arnold reported that while piloting a private plane he had seen nine saucer-shaped objects flying over Mount Rainier in Washington. Later that years .. (Science)

Game Reserves In Kenya - Lake Nakuru National Park

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 Maggie Nguyo (May 22, 2008)  Lake Nakuru's unique geography and geological history it holds fascination for geologists, naturalists, botanists, ornithologists and preservationists. Of course, wherever there is interest to science there is also appeal to the perhaps less scientific species among us, the tourist, who is none the less eager for new and interesting information . 50 Million years ago subterranean .. (Science)

Dinosaur Expert - Anti-Creationists Are The Greatest Enemy Of Science Education In The US

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 Joel Kontinen (May 16, 2008)  Science education has lately been the source of much heated debate, largely due to the film Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed featuring Ben Stein. Stein's documentary lamented the monopoly of Darwinian evolution in scientific research and science education. As expected, many prominent neo-Darwinists, for instance Richard Dawkins and P. Z. Myers, have reacted aggressively to the film. .. (Science)

Fighting The Next War With Insects And Sharks

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 James W Smith (May 12, 2008)  There is a long history of the use of the honey bee in war. Roman catapults, with bee hives as projectiles, unleashed the fury of angry bees on an advancing enemy. Bee hives booby trapped to topple over with trip wires were used to the advantage of both sides during battles in World War I. In Vietnam, the Viet Cong often used sabotaged Apis dorsata nests against the American soldier. .. (Science)

What Are The Types Of Microscopes?

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 Mike Selvon (May 08, 2008)  An electron microscope can offer a person many different types of advantages over other microscopes. If someone has never used one of the many types of electron microscopes, then they are seriously missing out. This type of microscope offers more clarity and a better magnification than most any other type of microscope on the market. In order to choose the best type of the many .. (Science)

Mars Science, Climate Change And Sub Surface Oceans on Europa - What's The Link

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 Ian Maclean (April 22, 2008)  Techniques pioneered by the European Space Agency (ESA) for use on Mars are set to have a very down to earth use here on planet Earth and beyond to the Icy moon Europa, circling the Gas Giant Jupiter as well as another Ice moon Titan, the biggest of Saturns Moons. ESA's Mars Express has aboard some pioneering radar experiment currently investigating the Red Planet and searching for any . (Science)

Have Superbugs Like MRSA Found Their Match?

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 John Sweet (April 13, 2008)  Despite their reputation for deadly attacks on humans and pets, alligators are finding their way toward a new role as potential lifesavers in medicine. Biochemists in Louisiana at the 235th national meeting of the American Chemical Society reported that gator blood may provide a source of powerful new antibiotics to help fight infections associated with diabetic ulcers, severe burns, .. (Science)

Easy Science Projects for Kids

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 Garry L. Neale (April 08, 2008)  It's important for kids to get involved in science from an early age, as exposure to scientific ideas and the world of exploration as soon as possible is the best way to foster a love for learning in your children that will last a lifetime. At the same time, scientific knowledge is cumulative, so kids have to start with a solid foundation if they are to develop the necessary scientific .. (Science)

Introduction to Molds

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 Remy Na (April 03, 2008)  Molds are not plants, they are not plants because they have no chlorophyll, nor do they have leaves, roots, or stems, and they have no firm cellulose based cell wall. Mold cell walls are made of chitin, the same stuff crab and shrimp shells is made of. Mold is compiled of microscopic thread like structures called hyphae; in fact the root word mould is an old North Western European term . (Science)

The Evolution of Clocks - Clocks And Science

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 Paulette Silverson (April 01, 2008)  The evolution of clocks is a study in time . . . how clocks and science merged over time to bring us to the point where every second of every day is measured in precision. . . allowing us to define each day down to each second. Those first clocks were developed when the Egyptians in 3500 BC decided they needed to organize their days in a better manner to keep track of all their social .. (Science)

America's Stonehenge - A New Theory

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 James E. Gage (March 28, 2008)  The America's Stonehenge archaeological site is located on the summit of Mystery Hill in North Salem, NH. It consists of enigmatic stone chambers, standing stones, niches, drains, and astronomical alignments. Who built these stone structures and for what purpose? The professional archaeological community has long argued that the site was built by an eccentric farmer who built his house .. (Science)

Butterfly Kits For School And Home

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 Lee Walder (March 26, 2008)  What exactly are butterfly kits and what do you do with them? I guess most children want to ‘grow their own butterflies’ and I suspect a good many adults would like too as well (I'm putting my hand up in the air unashamedly at this point). Well butterfly kits, as they are called, are the easy way to do just that - allowing you to raise butterflies in your home or at school. .. (Science)

How To Buy A Telescope

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 Koz Huseyin (March 25, 2008)  After seeing the starry pictures from NASA, you may be wondering how to buy a telescope, and explore the universe for yourself. There are many department stores selling telescopes, however, to buy a telescope which will help you with looking at objects clearly in the night sky, you will need to know some key points. Most people, who think about buying a telescope, either go to a local .. (Science)

Arthur C. Clarke - Brilliant Visions But Bad Scientific Blunders

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 Joel Kontinen (March 20, 2008)  Arthur C. Clarke, who died on March 19 at age 90, was one of the most popular science fiction writers of the 20th century. He is best known for his novel 2001: A Space Odyssey(1968). Its film version was directed by Stanley Kubrick. Clarke served as a radar specialist during World War II and realised that geostationary satellites could be used in telecommunication. They are satellites .. (Science)

Human Energy Field, Subtle Bodies - The Plasma Connection

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 Jay Alfred (March 20, 2008)  There have been many depictions of the human energy field and subtle bodies in the metaphysical and religious literature. The interesting observation in these depictions is the many signature features that can be associated with plasma. This suggests that the human energy field and the subtle body can be modeled as a bioplasma body. A brief excursion of the images in the literature and .. (Science)

Can DNA Testing Tell Us Anything About Native American Identity?

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 J.J. Yong (March 19, 2008)  You might think about Native tribes after watching the movie “Pocahontas". Basically, there were several tribes that inhabited in United States of America. They have given tribal money and support from U. S. federal government since their rights is ultimately a political or cultural issue. If you think that you have blood relation with these tribes, consider yourself to perform an . (Science)

Why Get A Telescope?

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 Koz Huseyin (March 18, 2008)  Since the dawn of time, man has looked up at the heavens and wondered the beauty it may contain. Over the last few hundred years, the telescope has been an instrument which has allowed the heavens to come into our doorstep. A telescope is an instrument that makes it possible to look at stars and the planets from the comfort of your own home. However, with the internet and NASA's .. (Science)

The Crab That Forgot To Evolve

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 Joel Kontinen (March 14, 2008)  A recent study in the journal Paleontology includes a paper on the discovery of a horseshoe crab (Limulus polyphemus) fossil said to date from the Upper Ordovician period or some 445 million years ago. The study, conducted by David M. Rudkin of Royal Ontario Museum and colleagues reported on a recent find in Manitoba, Canada. The crab is “strikingly similar" to other horseshoe .. (Science)

Property and Benefit of Magnetized Water

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 Wevangti Vangra (March 11, 2008)  Property and Benefit of Magnetized Water 1. Property: Microcluster. Magnetized water has a smaller group of molecule per water cluster than regular water. It has about 6 molecule while regular water has about 14-30. This water be called into different name namely; Structured Water, Hexagonal Water, Clustered Water, Nanoclustered Water, Magnetic Resonance Water, Ionized Water, Altered .. (Science)

Kepler's Hunt For Another Planet Earth In Space

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 James W Smith (February 28, 2008)  The United Nations has named 2009 the International Year of Astronomy. The year was chosen by the United Nations because it marks the four hundred year anniversary of Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei's first observations using a telescope. The International Year of Astronomy will feature a number of interesting international space projects and events. The European Space Agency has .. (Science)

Science And Nature For Kids

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 Jennie Gandhi (February 25, 2008)  Why is the grass green? Why is the sky blue? Why is the tree bigger than the other? Why do I feel hungry? These are a few of the hundred questions a child asks his parents day in and day out. But by condemning children for their incessant questions, you stub out their inquisitiveness that leads to growth of knowledge. Teaching science and nature to kids is a great way to help them .. (Science)

Train Your Brain With a New $225m Market Based on Latest Brain Health and Fitness Research

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 Alvaro Fernandez (February 19, 2008)  A spate of recent news coverage on brain fitness and “brain training" reflects a growing interest in natural, non-drug-based interventions to keep our brains sharp as we age. This interest is very timely, given the aging population, increasing Alzheimer's rates, and soaring health care costs that place more emphasis than ever on prevention and changing lifestyle. This past .. (Science)

Modern Birds Lived With Dinosaurs

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 Joel Kontinen (February 18, 2008)  It seems that dinosaurs have recently acquired many new neighbors. At the beginning of the year, science journals announced that beetles lived during the dinosaur era. Recently, we learned that platypuses were also existent at that time. Now we can add modern birds to the list. For a long time Darwinists have advised us to look at the bird feeder if we want to get a glimpse of .. (Science)

Chemistry - The Atomic Models and Chemistry

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 Darrell Causey (February 17, 2008)  Chemistry is the study of matter and the changes that it undergoes. Since all matter consists of atoms, it is important that you understand the atom and its components especially the electron. Why the electron? Because the electron configuration determines how an element will behave in chemical bonding and chemical reactions. So if you understand the electron you will better understand . (Science)

Kids Science Project Can Warm Your Heart

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 Lesa Bolt (February 15, 2008)  Everyone talks about the greenhouse effect and how our Earth and its climate are having greenhouse type of effects. What does that mean? You can do a science project that will show this effect and what is happening to our Earth. Go to your pantry and look for these items. If you do not have them you can go to your local store and get these items: 2 glass containers that need to be the . (Science)

Rainforest Plants - Ayapana

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 Tony Mandarich (February 15, 2008)  Family: Asteraceae Taxon: Ayapana triplinervis Synonyms: Eupatorium ayapana, Eupatorium triplinerve Common names: aypana, aiapana, aiapaina, aipana, cagueña, curia, daun panahan, daun perasman, diapalma iapana, diarana-guaco, japana, japana-branca, sekrepatoe wiwir, pool root, white snakeroot, yapana General Description: Ayapana is a small ornamental herb with aromatic leaves with .. (Science)

Rainforest Plants - Artichoke

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 Tony Mandarich (February 15, 2008)  Family: Asteraceae Genus: Cynara Species: scolymus Common name: Globe artichoke, alcachofra, artichaut General Description: Part of the thistle family, Artichokes have stalks that can grow up to two meters long and have a large, bright head that contains flowery, purple petals and green, fleshy leaves. Location: Their flowers and leaves are eaten throughout the world, but they are .. (Science)

Rainforest Plants - Palm

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 Tony Mandarich (February 15, 2008)  Family: Arecaceae Genus: Many Species: Many Common names: Mexican palm, Royal palm, Coconut, palm tree General Description: The family Arecaceae is a large group comprised of 2,500 species found throughout equatorial, tropical, and subtropical areas of the world. They are a beautiful and peculiar element of the landscape. This family is known for having the individual trees with the .. (Science)

Rainforest Plants - Annatto

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 Tony Mandarich (February 15, 2008)  Kingdom: Plantae Domain: Magnoliophyta Order: Magnoliopsida Family: Bixaceae Genus: Bixa Species: Bixa orellana Common names: onoto, achiote, urucum General Description: Annatto is a shrub or small tree that grows 5-10 m in height. Approximately 50 seeds grow inside this profusely fruiting, prickly, reddish-orange heart-shaped pods at the ends of the branches. The trees are literally .. (Science)

Rainforest Plants - Andiroba

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 Tony Mandarich (February 15, 2008)  Family: Meliaceae Genus: Carapa Species: guianensis Common Names: andiroba, andiroba-saruba, bastard mahogany, Brazilian mahogany, iandirova, carapa, carapá, cedro macho, crabwood, figueroa, krapa, nandiroba, requia, tangare General Description: Andiroba is a tall rainforest tree that grows up to 40 m high. It is in the same family as mahogany, and it has been called Brazilian .. (Science)

Rainforest Plants - Alfalfa

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 Tony Mandarich (February 15, 2008)  Family: Fabaceae Genus: Medicago Species: sativa Common Names: Alfalfa, Lucerne, Jatt, Kaba Yonca, Mielga, Mu Su, Sai Pi Li Ka, Yonja General Description: Alfalfa is a perennial and grows about 1 meter tall, with small clusters of purple flowers. Alfalfa is an extremely important legume due to its high nutrient content and is frequently used as forage for cows, goats, horses, and .. (Science)

Will We Become Superhumans?

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 Dan Ronco (February 09, 2008)  As the greatest of all the superheroes, Superman possesses extraordinary powers represented as “faster than a speeding bullet, more powerful than a locomotive, and able to leap tall buildings in a single bound", a description made famous in the Superman TV series of the 1950s. Superman's capabilities include flight, super-strength, invulnerable skin, super-speed, x-ray vision, .. (Science)

High School Science Project Measuring Heat

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 Lesa Bolt (February 06, 2008)  Did you know that all foods we eat have some type of energy in them. That is why we eat them because our bodies need food to convert to energy and allow our muscles to move. Energy is heat for our bodies. How can we see what type of energy a piece of food contains even though we are not eating it and digesting it? We will light a piece of food to show it has energy, otherwise it would .. (Science)

Why Some People Are Reluctantly Start Their Own DNA Testing?

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 J.J. Yong (February 04, 2008)  Some people just do not know that DNA testing involves painless procedures, which means no blood samples are taken from the clients. Nevertheless, most of the people who reluctantly have their own DNA analyzed because of the grotesque rumors about DNA testing which has brought it to public dispute. It is all in your mind. Believe or not, it is a tremendous shame when people argue with . (Science)

Is That True That People Can Trace Their Ancestor Lines Via Ancestor DNA Testing?

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 J.J. Yong (February 03, 2008)  Genealogy research has been one upcoming and popular thing when one of the most sought talk show celebrities, Oprah Winfrey announced on her show that DNA testing has managed to track her origin ethnic to a Kpelles tribe located in Liberia. Then, with all the extensive studies and affordability of genealogical DNA tests like the Genographic Project, annual sales have been increasingly .. (Science)

Discovery Of DNA Teaches Us About Motivation

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 J.J. Yong (January 30, 2008)  Besides knowing what DNA stands for - which means “Deoxyribonucleic Acid", there are few things that we might have overlooked. The discovery of DNA model has lead many scientists in encrypting codes of life which could bring us closer to humanity and self-assurance. DNA replicates in cells when the environment permits them to do so. During DNA replication, new strand of DNA will .. (Science)

Lucy, Ex-Grandmother On Tour

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 Joel Kontinen (January 30, 2008)  In 1974 Donald Johanson's team found the bones of an extinct hominid in the Afar region in Ethiopia. The same night John Lennon and Paul McCarthy's song Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds was played in their camp, giving the name for the find. In a LiveScience column, Cornell University anthropologist Meredith F. Small calls Lucy the crown jewel of ancient full skeletons. Small's .. (Science)

Lucy - But Grandmother! What Big Feet You Have

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 Joel Kontinen (January 30, 2008)  Mom, look at those tiny dolphins. A little girl had just left the dolphinarium and was staring at small tropical fish in an aquarium. Having looked at dolphins for the past hour or so she naturally assumed that the small creatures that were swimming around in the water were also dolphins. Very often our presuppositions determine what we think we see. As adults, our presuppositions are .. (Science)

Plasma-Carbon Symbiosis and Bioplasma Body Fusion

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 Jay Alfred (January 26, 2008)  Biologists are beginning to realize that co-operation was just as important as competition in the evolution of life's diversity and resilience. Every cell in the human body contains a mitochondrion which is thought to be a bacterial cell which invaded an early eukaryote. Instead of being digested, both cells tolerated each other and began to live with each other - a merger which .. (Science)

Is It Safe To Have Personal DNA Testing?

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 J.J. Yong (January 25, 2008)  Getting your own DNA make up has created a fad among health-concern societies. Basically, one of the main purpose for a person who wants to have his DNA analyzed, is just to find out whether he needs to have to take any health precautions. Highly sensitive testing has been discovered to track down the probability of disease to occur. It sounds like it is some sort of a disease .. (Science)

Complementary Medicine - Turning the Corner?

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 Jay Alfred (January 25, 2008)  Recent experiments and studies in biology are throwing the spotlight on the relevance of complementary medicine to mainstream medical science. Energy Receptors in Cell Membranes While it is well known that the membranes of cells contain both effectors and receptors which sense both the internal and external environment of the cells, it has also been noted recently that these receptors, . (Science)

Plasma Life Forms - Aliens from a Parallel Earth

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 Jay Alfred (January 25, 2008)  The Basic Plasma Metaphysics Theory in 3 1 Dimensions According to plasma metaphysics (Jay Alfred, Our Invisible Bodies, 2006), the physical-dense Earth is gravitationally coupled to a counterpart dark matter Earth composed of low density plasma. This “sister" Earth was co-accreted with the physical-dense Earth about 4.6 billion years ago from dark matter components in the .. (Science)

Smart Strategy in the Self-Help Business - Gender-Specific Help

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 Lisa J. Lehr (January 11, 2008)  If you're in the self-help business, the best place to start helping people is to acknowledge the fundamental differences between men and women. The breathtaking success of John Gray's Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus, which has sold more than 15 million copies, offers a hint that people instinctively know the truth: males and females are different. Gender identity is, always .. (Science)




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