Antonio Meucci vs Alexander Graham Bell
Upwards of 130 years everyone has been mentioning, discussing and all out fighting about exactly who designed the telephone. Even though there are numerous contenders, but the truth is, it always seems to come down to the final two. The first, Alexander Graham Bell, over time has long been acknowledged with inventing the telephone. The second is Antonio Meucci, referenced in Italian and Italian American groups as the accurate creator of the telephone, or ‘teletrofono’ as he called it.
Alexander Graham Bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland; his family venture was speech and elocution with both his father and grandfather being highly esteemed in the field. Bell followed in their footsteps and went about researching the methods of speech. He gradually moved into the particular field of visual speech, which was conceived by his father. Bell migrated to England, Canada and subsequently ended up in the Boston area, instructing instructors on how to coach the deaf to speak. By the time his telephone invention was taking shape he was a honored professor at Boston University in the vocal physiology area.
Antonio Meucci was born near Florence, Italy and early on undertook studies in chemical and mechanical engineering, although he stopped his official training close to the age of 15/16 due to the fact he could no longer afford it. Meucci’s preliminary occupational work back ground involves employment for the Florentine governments and then evolving into a stage technician in Florence. He then moved to Havana, Cuba with his spouse who was a costume designer and he was employed to work in the same theatre as she. It is pronounced that while working at this theater, Meucci prepared a primary version of his technology to transmit between the stage and control room. Meucci immigrated to Staten Island, New York in 1850. A course of unfortunate instances inundated Meucci; his wife was bedridden with a form of rheumatoid arthritis, and he went bankrupt in the early 1860’s. Even though he acquired a patent caveat for his teletrofono in 1871, which was very much the same to what Bell eventually patented, Meucci never finished his patent, and ultimately either elected to quit paying for the annual renewal or was economically unable to make the payments.
The United States Patent Office history reveals that Bell sent applications for and was provided with his patent in 1874. The controversy is persistent that had Meucci been better financed he would be known as the founder of the telephone. While Bell encountered over 600 suits from an array of other designers making claims to have been the actual genius responsible for the invention of the telephone, he never lost a lawsuit.
Congress formulated a resolution in 2002 stating that “Antonio Meucci was a man of vision whose enormous talents led to the invention of the telephone. Meucci began work on his invention in the mid-1880s, refining and perfecting the telephone during his many years living on Staten Island. " Although this proclamation does in fact extend credit to Meucci’s work and ability, it is worded so that he is basically granted credit for leading to the invention and not for the invention. This has routinely been misconstrued. This is why, to this day, Alexander Graham Bell stands as the ‘inventor’ of the telephone, with United States Patent No. 174,465 to back up his claims.