Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a psychotherapy that is totally based on cognitions, assumptions, beliefs, and behaviors and also it aims of influencing negative emotions that relate to inaccurate appraisal of events. The general approach, developed out of behavior modification.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is considered among the most rapid in terms of results obtained. The average number of sessions clients receive is only 16. Other forms of therapy like psychoanalysis, can take years. What enable CBT to be briefer are its highly instructive nature and the fact that it makes using of homework.
How it works
Cognitive behavioral therapy can be helpful to make sense of overwhelming problems that break them down in the smaller parts. Thus, it becomes easier to see how they are connected and how much they are effective for you. The parts are generally a situation, which can be a problem, event or difficult situation. This can follows thoughts, emotions, physical feelings and actions.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy sometimes not suited all patients of this particular problem. Those who do not have a specific behavioral issue they wish to address and whose goals for therapy are to gain insight into the past may be better served by psychodynamic therapy. Patients must also be willing to take a very active role in the treatment process.
Cognitive-behavioral intervention may be inappropriate for some severely psychotic patients and for cognitively impaired patients. Patients who are having organic brain disease or a traumatic brain injury depend on their level of functioning.
CBT differs from other therapies because sessions have a structure, rather than the person talking freely about whatever comes to mind. In the beginning, the client meets the therapist to describe specific problems and to set goals they want to work towards. The problem may have some symptoms like sleeping badly, not being able to socialize with friends, or difficulty concentrating on reading or work. Or they could be life problems, such as being unhappy at work, having trouble dealing with an adolescent child, or being in an unhappy marriage. These problems and goals then become the basis for planning the content of sessions and discussing how to deal with them.
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