Germany has always held a reputation of being a rich and progressive nation. Contributing
much in terms of human progress and industrial/financial revolution. Germany has given
birth to many people and ideologies that have helped to shape the world as we know it.
The official name of Germany is The Federal Republic of Germany. It is located in West
Europe. The Baltic Sea, North Sea, and Denmark surround Germany on the north. It is
flanked on the east by the Czech Republic and Poland. Flanked on the west by France,
Belgium, and Luxembourg and Netherlands. The southern borders are Austria and
Germany is a member of the European Union (EU). Germany has Europe's largest
economy and is Europe's second largest populous nation. The total area of Germany
is 357,021 sq. km. The total land area is 349,223 sq. km. The total covered by water
being 7,798 sq. km. The capital of The Federal Republic of Germany is Berlin. Other major
cities are Munich, Hanover, Stuttgart, Hamburg, Dusseldorf, Cologne, and Bremen.
Germany is a federal republic with a parliamentary democracy.
The ethnicity of Germany's population is 91.5% German, 2.4% Turkish, 6.1% others such
as Greeks, Italians, Polish, Russians, Serb-Croatians, Spanish. The main religions
in Germany are Protestant (Evangelisch) 38%, Roman Catholic (Katholisch) 34%, Muslim
1.7%, and others make up 26.3%. Classical music has been dominated by German
speaking composers. A few of the famous ones born on German ground include
Beethoven, Schumann, Bach, Brahms, Handel, Mendelssohn, Wagner and R.
Strauss. Some of the worlds wisest philosophers were German: Nietzsche, Kant,
Hegel, Schopenhauer, and Heidegger.
Germany boasts around 700 zoological gardens, aquariums, bird parks, wildlife parks,
animal reserves, or safari parks, not to mention 414 registered zoos. Berlin's Zoologischer
Garten is the worlds largest zoo, number of species (1,500) and animal population (14,000).
The Fairy Grottoes (Feengrotten) in Saalfeld, Thuringia, are the worlds most colorful
caves, according to the Guinness Book of Records.
Since 2003, Germany is the worlds largest exporter of goods with $1.016 trillion
exported in 2005. 10.1% of the worlds exports come from Germany. Germany is the
worlds second largest producer of cars (after Japan) and motor vehicle in general(after the United States). The German based company BASF (Badische Anilin- und Soda- Fabrik)
is the second largest chemical company in the world, employing about 87,000 people
in 160 subsidiaries and joint ventures in 41 countries.
The biggest train station in Europe is located in Berlin. The European Central Bank is
in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany. Frankfurt International Airport claims the world record
in the most international destinations served. The Lufthansa, based in Frankfurt, is the
worlds largest airline in terms of international passengers carried, and Europe's largest
in terms of passenger-kilometers flown, freight tonne-kilometers flown and fleet size.
The largest department store in continental Europe is the KaDeWe (Kaufhaus des
Westens) in Berlin, with over 60,000 square meters covered.
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