Already on ArticleSlash?

Forgot your password? Sign Up

Algebra For Dopes - It Ain't That Hard - Part V

Joe Pagano
 


Visitors: 204

In Part V of this series, we examine how we solve the last class of factorable quadratics of the form ax^2 + bx - c, in which the b-term is positive and the c-term is negative. Such an example would be x^2 + 4x - 5. This subclass of quadratics are as easily solvable as those of the “bc-negative” class discussed in Part IV of this series.

To show how similar this class is, let’s examine x^2 + 4x -5. This is the same quadratic as the first example in Part IV of this series, except the 4x term now is positive instead of negative. As in the last article, we note that 5 is prime and its only factors are 1 and 5. Since the c-term is negative, the 1 and 5 must be of opposite signs. Since the b-term is positive, the larger number must bear the positive sign; otherwise the result of the b-term would be negative. Thus x^2 + 4x - 5 = (x + 5)(x - 1), and the solutions are -5 and 1.

Although this method should be perfectly clear by now, let’s reinforce it with two more examples. Let’s take the quadratic x^2 + 10x - 24. The factor pairs of 24 are 1-24, 2-12, 3-8, and 4-6. Notice that as the c-term becomes a larger composite number as in this case, generally the number of possible factor pairs increases. When the c-term is a prime number, as in the first example, then the only factor pairs are 1 and the number itself. (By the way the first 10 primes are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, and 29; 2 is the one and only even prime; 1 is not considered a prime number. ) Now of the four factor pairs, the only one that can combine to give 10 is 2-12. Since 10 must be positive and 2 and 12 must be of opposite sign, can you guess which must be positive and which negative? Easy enough, right? Thus x^2 + 10x - 24 = (x + 12)(x - 2) and the solutions are -12 and 2.

Finally, we will solve x^2 + 31x - 66. The factor pairs of 66 are 1-66, 2-33, 3-22, and 6-11. The only pair that combines to yield 31 is 2-33. Again, using the argument above this quadratic must factor as (x + 33)(x - 2), and the solutions are -33 and 2. The reader can easily verify that both -33 and 2 are in fact the zeros of this particular quadratic.

After following this series of articles, you are starting to see how quick you can become at algebra once you understand the rules of the game. And this goes for all of algebra: as we break down each component of this subject and apply these techniques, algebra—and indeed math—no longer is a mystery that perplexes, but a mystery that both enriches and enlightens.

See more at Cool Math Site and Cool Algebra Ebooks

Joe is a prolific writer of self-help and educational material and an award-winning former teacher of both college and high school mathematics. Under the penname, JC Page, Joe authored Arithmetic Magic, the little classic on the ABC’s of arithmetic. Joe is also author of the charming self-help ebook, Making a Good Impression Every Time: The Secret to Instant Popularity; the original collection of poetry, Poems for the Mathematically Insecure, and the short but highly effective fraction troubleshooter Fractions for the Faint of Heart. The diverse genre of his writings (novel, short story, essay, script, and poetry)—particularly in regard to its educational flavor— continues to captivate readers and to earn him recognition.

Joe propagates his teaching philosophy through his articles and books and is dedicated to helping educate children living in impoverished countries. Toward this end, he donates a portion of the proceeds from the sale of every ebook. For more information go to http://www.mathbyjoe.com

(653)

Article Source:


 
Rate this Article: 
 
How Does God Guide You in Making Hard Decisions? (Part 3 of 3)
Rated 4 / 5
based on 5 votes
ArticleSlash

Related Articles:

Algebra for Dopes - It Ain't That Hard - Part II

by: Joe Pagano (August 17, 2007) 
(Reference and Education)

Algebra for Dopes - It Ain't That Hard - Part III

by: Joe Pagano (August 19, 2007) 
(Reference and Education)

Algebra For Dopes - It Ain't That Hard - Part IV

by: Joe Pagano (August 20, 2007) 
(Reference and Education)

Calculus for Dopes - It Ain' That Hard - The Limit Part I

by: Joe Pagano (August 25, 2007) 
(Reference and Education)

Avoiding Scam Surveys Isnt That Hard Finding Good Survey Sites is the Hard Part

by: Adam Woodham (October 16, 2008) 
(Internet and Businesses Online/Paid Surveys)

Trigonometry for Dopes - The Touchy Tangent

by: Joe Pagano (February 26, 2008) 
(Reference and Education)

Trigonometry for Dopes - The Sine's Better Half

by: Joe Pagano (February 24, 2008) 
(Reference and Education)

Hard Disc Clone (Part 1)

by: Tosin Ajibowo (May 02, 2008) 
(Computers and Technology/Data Recovery)

Hard Disc Clone (Part 2)

by: Tosin Ajibowo (May 02, 2008) 
(Computers and Technology/Data Recovery)

How Does God Guide You in Making Hard Decisions? (Part 3 of 3)

by: Carey Kinsolving (July 15, 2007) 
(Home and Family/Parenting)