Learn Japanese Grammar To The Tune Of Silver Bells

Brett McCluskey
 


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Lesson #18 Insights on learning how to use the Base TE-て form of the verb.

Remembering how verbs are put into base te can be a challenge, but by singing the following syllables in the following order to the music of Silver Bells will help you better remember which verb ending syllable goes with what te ending.

( To Be done to the music of Silver Bells preferably Bing Crosby's version)

Bu mu nu nde

U tsu ru tte

Ku ite

Gu ide

That's the way we put verbs in base te -

(play it again sam) repeat

*Verbs ending in BU, MU, or NU become NDE. Verbs ending in U, TSU, RU become TTE or. Verbs ending in KU become ITE and verbs ending in GU become IDE.

Verbs ending in these syllables

Become these base Te endings

BU, MU, NU NDE

U, TSU, RU TTE

KU ITE

GU IDE

Here are a few examples of how you go about putting a verb into base te .

Ex. 1asobu - to play - becomes asonde

1. asonde iru = playing

2. asonde kudasai = please play

3. asonde wa naranai = you can't play here, its against the rules to play

Ex. 2 kamu - to chew - becomes kande

1. kande iru - chewing

2. kande kudasai - please chew

3. kande wa naranai - you mustn't chew

Ex 3. harau - to pay - becomes haratte

1. haratte iru - paying

2. haratte kudasai - please pay

3. haratte wa naranai- you better not pay.

Ex4 Inoru - to pray - becomes inotte

1.inotte kudasai - please pray

2.inotte iru - praying

3.inotte wa naranai - its bad to pray here

Ex 5 utsu - to hit becomes utte

1. utte iru - hitting

2. utte kudasai - please hit

3. utte wa naranai - its bad to hit here

Ex 6 hataraku - to work - becomes hataraite iru

1. hataraite iru - working

2. hataraite kudasai - please work

3. hataraite wa naranai - it is forbidden for you to work.

Ex 7 oyogu - to swim - becomes oyoide

1. oyoide iru - swimming

2. oyoide kudasai - please swim

3. oyoide wa naranai - you shouldn't swim around here

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