History of Great Britain


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But the two kingdoms quarreled many times. King William III wanted to unite them, but he died in 1702 before he could carry out his plans. Parliament passed the act of Union in 1707, joining Scotland to England and Wales. The new kingdom was called Great Britain. Anne agreed to the union, first as Queen of Scotland and then as Queen of England and Wales, and the two kingdoms became one.

Wars with France
The French Revolution broke out in 1789. Great Britain went to war with France in 1793, because the French had taken the area that is now Belgium and threatened to conquer other areas. After 13 months of peace in 1802 and 1803, war broke out again. Admiral Lord Nelson won a great victory over the French fleet at Trafalgar, off the southern coast of Spain, in 1805.

Great Britain and its allies, including Prussia and Russia, finally defeated the French on land in 1814 and sent Napoleon escaped and started the war again. An allied army led by the Duke of Wellington defeated Napoleon at Waterloo, ending the long series of wars. In Europe, Great Britain won the island of Malta from France. The British also won French territories from the Cape Colony in South Africa to Ceylon, and islands in the Caribbean Sea.

London is the capital of Great Britain and on one of the largest and most interesting cities in the world. London has a population of about 6 770 00. It lies on the River Thames, where the Romans landed nearly 200 years ago. From about 1800 until World War Two, London was the biggest city in the world, but now there are many cities which are much bigger.

London is interesting for many things. Tourists come from all over the world to visit its historic buildings, such as St, Paul’s Cathedral, which has a huge dome, and the Houses of Parliament, where you can see and hear the famous clock, Big Ben. They also come to visit its theatres, museums, and numerous shops, such as Harrods, Marks &Spenser where you can buy everything. Like many big cities, London has problems with traffic and pollution. Although over 1 000 000 people a day use the London underground, there are still too many cars on the streets. The air isn’t clean but it’s cleaner than it was 100 years ago. Until the Clean Air Act in 1956, London was famous for its for or “smog" which is a mixture of smoke and for.

The best thing about London is the parks. There are five in the city centre. Parks of London are the places, where Londoners and visitors can escape from the noise of the city streets and relax under the canopy of park.

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