As Somalia has been a broken government for more than 20 years now and knowing that their judicial system is not strong enough to prosecute high degree criminal activity, piracy has become an massive issue in the country. It is known that Somali pirates are responsible for 44% of the world's criminal activity in deep waters and the worst part is that these numbers are not getting lower soon. The pirates are getting stronger and stronger by the day. Equipped with AK-47s and other heavy ammunition the pirates are causing a huge threat in the Indian Sea for crew members and even for the Somali population.
The question is; How to solve this international dilemma? How to ensure that ships navigating to Asia or to the Americas can cruise safely? New ideas and thoughts have been introduced and are beginning to cause an effect.
Firstly, Legislation on piracy has been waiting for updates for a long time now. The Universal law states that ships hijacked in international waters need to follow the ships country's legislation before setting criminals for prosecution. The main problem is that the legislation is accurate with the problem today. In 2009, the first piracy trial in the US happened since the 1800s. The USC act states that any piracy activity towards US ships should be charged with life sentence. The laws are not prepared to deal with the current piracy situation and needs remodelling and adaptation for these urgent circumstances.
Secondly, a strategy of combining knowledge and expertise are being considered by the military forces from all around the world. As private companies specialized in maritime security are being hired by companies to secure their export ships, a merger between authorities and private sector security firms is being an idea that has been gaining influence on governments. Considering that many of these private firms have inside knowledge about pirates and how they operate in different routes, the military suffers a disadvantage on this aspect. On the other hand, the navy and air forces poses capabilities that private companies do not have, The budget for the military allows them to invest on technological advances, making their military equipment much more sophisticated than the ones used by the private sector. A combination of expertises and military technology would allow a much more diverse approach on combating the piracy issue in Somalia.
The Piracy situation in the Indian Ocean is becoming a matter of international concern. Authorities such an the UN and NATO have already announced that the military forces should do the possible to capture pirates so they can be prosecuted on maritime law by countries in which follow the code of conduct of the international jurisdiction. More than 400 people are being held as hostages in Somali territory and ships everyday are submitted into dangerous and unsafe conditions at high sea level. A more active operation in the Ocean Sea is needed and should be delivered.