In most countries where local employment (or the lack of it thereof!) is high, there has been a movement in favor of legal employment. After all, who would argue with that? I mean, anything legal is bound to have a positive impact in society right?
Think hard before you answer that.
Because, if the trends in these countries is anything to go by, legal employment has actually swelled the ranks of illegal immigrant. Mexico, most of Europe and of course the United States of America are all prime examples of this trend.
How exactly does legal employment impact the economic functioning of economies and countries? To understand this, we must open our eyes to the trends that allow legal employment in the first place. Most countries that have little skilled labor or industry segments that cannot be filled by the local population open up their doors to legal employment. Instances of such countries include Singapore, Australia, parts of the European Union, and even the United States of America. These countries are either unable to fill the positions available with locally available talent or are unable to retain local talent for the pay offered and hence have to resort to legal employment avenues to invite foreigners to take up these jobs. In the case of the applicants too, they normally come from labor intensive countries like India, the Philippines and China and are more often than not ready to take up legal employment in the countries that invite them.
In the normal course of things, the supply of skilled labor and the legal employment opportunities available regulate themselves to produce the best fit for both the parties concerned. Most of the time, this balance is delicate and entails a balancing act on the part of the labor as well as the governments of the countries concerned. But sometimes, due to natural or even manmade conflicts, this delicate balance is disturbed. To take a case in point. The Lebanese conflict hit not just the economy of Lebanon, but also the economies of several countries that had sent labor to Lebanon to take up legal employment there. This is especially so in the case of several countries like Sri Lanka and Philippines, which rely heavily on the remittances by legal employment labor in better off countries. Similarly, the economic downturn in Japan often makes things worse for countries like the Philippines which send large volumes of labor there.
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