If you think that someone has tried to phish personal information from you either through an email or through a phone call, the best thing that you can do is to call the company the fraudulent information is supposed to have come from and let them know about the contact. Even if you get an email that you think may be linked to your credit card or bank, the best thing to do is to use your own contact information for the company and call them to verify.
Many companies have set up departments that are designed to help block phishing scams and keep their clients protected. However, this is just a part of the process in putting these scams to rest. The most important piece in making sure that phishing scams don't work is social responsibility. Even with specialized departments and trained individuals, it's often hard for companies to nail down specific phishing scams because of the high-tech ways they operate. Hearing from customers about potential threats to their security helps them to identify potential scammers and warn customers to be cautious.
For example, if you receive an email stating that your account will be closed unless you follow the link and give them your account information, you should call the contacting company right away. This is important even if you don't have an account with that company. Many times they will ask that you forward the email to them so that they can attempt to trace it back to their origins. This way they can seek legal ramifications against the phishing scammers and get them shut down so that no one else will be a victim.
There is no specific way to report these scams to every single company - each one you deal with may have their own methods and rules. The only way to know how to properly report the phishing scams you encounter is to contact them and ask how they want you to proceed.
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