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Some Popular Wood Types and Their Characteristics


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Here are some popular types of wood that are commonly used for making household and other furniture, both for indoor and outdoor use.


This is a very hard, heavy and strong wood that's abrasion and shock resistant. Maple wood usually has a straight grain but at the same time may have some intricate patterns.

Curly or tiger maple

This type of wood has beautiful configurations that make them a great choice for use as a decorative purpose. Tiger maple wood is also very strong, hard and heavy.

Reclaimed old growth cypress

For centuries, cypress has been used in the furniture industry for a variety of purposes. A major reason for its extensive use is the natural preservative that's found in this type of wood that makes it more durable than its peers. The dense wood is particularly heavy and can give a spectacular finish. Moreover, its resistance to ageing and decay made it particularly made it suitable to construct vats.


Walnut wood is hard, strong and extremely durable. At the same time, it isn't heavy either. It has a straight grain near the trunk of the tree but sports a wavy grain nearer to the roots. The best part of walnut wood is that it finishes beautifully and holds the stain and paint extremely well. Besides, it's heavily resistant to warping and shrinking.


This wood is mostly grown in the eastern part of the US. The wood was frequently used for furniture making by the colonial Americans. It's moderately strong, close-grained, hard, and is highly resistance to warping. The wood is mostly light to reddish-brown in color that tends to deepen exposure to sunlight.


This is an exotic reddish-brown wood that's highly reputed for its rare beauty and strength. The wood is very durable and is resistant to warping and swelling, thereby making it ideal for use in marine jobs and in high moisture regions. The wood can be found in tropical forests and used in the manufacture of Indian furniture.


Oak is a popular hardwood that's highly resistant to moisture. The wood is heavy and also finishes well. Because of the hardness, oak is often difficult to carve out. But wooden furniture made from oak is known to pass down several generations.

Tap maple

Tap maple is a high-quality hardwood that proudly displays its heritage. The wood is mostly derived from the sugar maple tree. Tap maple timber sports a spiked pattern that's result of tapping the maple tree several times of the decades for acquiring the maple syrup. Besides serving various decorative purposes, the wood has been widely used for making wooden furniture as well. It's hard, heavy, hard, and can very well resist abrasion and shock.

Yellow birch

The timber of yellow birch has a fin and uniform grain pattern. The wood sports an yellowish-cream color that can give off a light and clean look. The wood is moderately hard, strong and heavy.

There are various other types of timber available for making wooden furniture. Just pick the one best suited for you.

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