History Of Persian Serapi Carpets

Adria Gildon

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When it comes to carpets, we all know that there are whole families of them according to the area. Persian rugs have rich history and various very interesting members. One of them is the Serapi carpet, which originally came from Heriz rug district in Azerbaijan. This unique carpet is one of the most interesting rugs from the famous Heriz family. In the following piece, you can dive in the history and learn more about the characteristics of this amazing carpet.

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Far, far away in the Sarab region of Persia for the first time the Serapi rug was manufactured. But nowadays the production takes place in Azerbaijan and some parts of northern Iran. Some of the most famous villages, which create original Serapi carpets, are Sarab, Ahar, Gorevan, Heriz and of course - Separi.

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More than 7000 years ago are the first traces of the Serapi rug production. At this time dates the beginning of the Persian handmade rug production in general, so Serapi is one of the oldest known rugs. Despite its early production, this carpet began to be exported around the world after the mid-19th century. Before that all the carpets were mostly used in the villages, where they were produced.

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Like almost all Persian carpets, the Serapi rug is hand woven. It is knotted through symmetrical knots pulled right and a central medallion motif is also included. The widely used material for these carpets is wool. According to the locals, the wool in the Sarab region is way stronger than other wools. They claim that the sheep in the area drink water, which contains large amounts of copper. The result is a carpet with extraordinary strength and durability.

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Origin of the name

Before the export of textile to ever begin, the Serapi carpet was simply known as a Sarab. Later on the name was changed, but there are a few theories about it. The first one is an incorrect translation by American merchants, who first made contact with the village people. The second theory states that the name comes from the ship Serapis, which came to the region in 1876. On board of that ship was the Prince of Wales, who was on his trip to India. Many believe that the ship gave its name to both the region and the rug.

Advice for future and current owners of a Serapi rug

There is no time to lose. If you want to have a good and reliable carpet - an original Serapi rug is the right choice for you. Anyway, don’t forget that such a beauty will need good maintenance. According to the cleaning professionals, you’d better rely on expert carpet cleaning services in order to preserve your rugs for many years and ensure a perfect maintenance.


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