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Overview of Ovarian Cyst Types

Jay Taylor

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Ovarian cysts are a very common concern among women of any age, although most times they are not to be cause for worry. Though sometimes in rare cases they can become cancerous, they are more often likely to either cause you quite a bit of pain or in some cases no symptoms of their existence at all.

There are 5 major types of ovarian cysts: Follicular, Corpus Luteum, Hemorrhagic, Dermoid and Pathological. Most times the only way for a woman to know exactly what type she has is to go to her physician and have a comprehensive exam along with Ultrasound and CT Scans to an accurate determination due to all types of ovarian cysts having similar symptoms.

The most common type of ovarian cyst is the Follicular Cyst. Caused by a mature follicle falling in on itself or when ovulation does not occur, they generally stay small in size barely ever growing larger then 2" around, producing no symptoms and going away in it's own after several months.

Corpus Luteum cysts are produced when an egg is released during the monthly menstrual cycle as a result of a release of estrogen and progesterone. Usually staying small in size, no more then an inch in diameter, filled with fluid they generally produce no noticeable symptoms again and go away on their own with time. Although in some cases they can grow quite quickly to up to 4 inches in diameter. This can cause severe pelvic and abdominal pain and the possibility that it can rupture.

Hemorrhagic Cysts generally contain and even sometimes release blood. While they generally do not burst, when this does happen you can expect to feel a burning sensation across your pelvic area. Once again this type of cyst is common, generally requires treatment in rare cases and may on occasion be removed surgically if endometriosis is discovered.

Dermoid Cysts appear in women of any age, but are generally seen during the peak reproductive years. Made up of basic genetic building blocks, when a Dermoid Cyst appears it can conceivably contain different types of tissue found in other parts of the body including bone, muscle, hair and even teeth. The main concern of the Dermoid Cyst is the possibility of preventing blood flow to the ovaries, and may require surgical removal.

Pathological Ovarian Cysts cover both tumors and endometriosis. This rare form of ovarian cyst can be both non-cancerous and cancerous and once discovered should be treated as quickly as possible. Both types of Pathological Ovarian Cyst have distinct characteristics, but will usually be found once again during the prime reproductive years and are very rare.

If you are interested in learning more about the different types of ovarian cysts and what they mean to your health then read


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