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What is euthanasia and Types of euthanasia ?

 


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According to SAR, euthanasia is the " action or omission that, to avoid suffering for terminally ill patients, hastens their death with their consent or without it " . Euthanasia is when a terminally ill patient shows an explicit desire to die (in other cases the patient is unconscious and the decision is that of their relatives), having usually with the assistance of another person to help you die. Obviously it is a very open debate and discussion both ethically and legally, while in fact this practice banned in the most countries.

According to SAR, euthanasia is the " action or omission that, to avoid suffering for terminally ill patients, hastens their death with their consent or without it " . Euthanasia is when a terminally ill patient shows an explicit desire to die (in other cases the patient is unconscious and the decision is that of their relatives), having usually with the assistance of another person to help you die. Obviously it is a very open debate and discussion both ethically and legally, while in fact this practice banned in the most countries.

Types of euthanasia

As we said, there is always the patient who decides to die. It is then necessary to differentiate between voluntary and involuntary euthanasia . In the first case the person concerned which explicitly their desire to die, while the involuntary is when the person concerned can not give consent and is practiced by someone very close to the patient, to release him from his suffering (eg in cases of irreversible coma). We can also differentiate with respect to the act itself, the so-called active euthanasia , which kills the person affected directly (by drug overdose, for example), and passive euthanasia , that contrary the former does not require direct action to cause death, but discontinuation of treatment that keeps the patient alive.

The latter is given in the terminally ill. Ethics and euthanasia There is considerable controversy over whether euthanasia should be banned or not and under what parameters or situations should be done. While life belongs to everyone, is very common that not all relatives of critically ill patients are in favor (or against) the practice. While some people frown only passive euthanasia because in practice does not require any action that leads directly to the patient's death, others do not distinguish between death from a drug expressed suministración caps or death for not following the medical treatment. It should be noted that most of the population does not consider no acceptable alternative.

The truth is that from an ethical point of view there should be no problem in that a terminally ill to decide for itself to complete its life. In fact, many expressing that “This life is death, my death (the real) is life", referring to choose a dignified death before having a great ongoing suffering. Therefore, we observed that in euthanasia facing many positions , which are involved not only the patient but also their relatives, doctors, and beliefs, ethics and religions of each.

Legalization of euthanasia

Regarding the legal aspect, few countries have this possibility, in fact, the first to recognize active euthanasia are Belgium, Holland and Luxembourg, while Switzerland is tolerated under the name of “assisted suicide", ie should be the patient who finishes his life. generally are the most liberal and most advanced countries who defend the practice of assisted death, while in states with deeply religious or illiberal governments do not even contemplate.

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