The thyroid is a tiny butterfly shaped gland which is found in the lower part of the neck. The main reason for this gland is the secretion of hormones. The primary hormones released are known as triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These types of hormones are released inside the system so that they can supply energy for the numerous cells through the entire system.
There are a large number of troubles which might arise as a result of problems with the thyroid gland. These issues are normally characterized by the distinctive influence that they have to the thyroid gland.
Hypothyroidism is a term used to describe the condition where the thyroid gland is not as active as it needs to be. Hashimoto's disease is an auto immune disease as well as a common cause of this kind of thyroid problem. Common symptoms of this condition are low energy, an increase in weight, a slowing down of the metabolic process and perhaps depression.
Hyperthyroid disease is a condition in which the thyroid gland gets to be too active and creates too many thyroid hormones. It is most often brought on by another autoimmune condition which is called Grave’s disease. Anti-bodies which are produced by this disease attack the thyroid gland which then causes a growth in the production of thyroid hormones.
Nutritional deficiencies and many other imbalances of the thyroid gland together with both Grave’s disease and Hashimoto's disease might cause the gland to get enlarged. This particular ailment is referred to as goiter.
Various kinds of cysts and tumors may possibly form in some people. They may be either malignant or harmless and either filled with liquid or solid. They are commonly referred to as thyroid nodules. In the event the cysts or tumors are in fact cancerous, they are categorized as thyroid cancer. This type of cancer, while once considered rare, is becoming more and more widespread.
Sometimes viral or perhaps bacterial illnesses might cause an inflammation in the thyroid gland which is called thyroiditis.
While there are lots of diseases and illnesses that happen to be linked to the thyroid gland it is important to understand that there are many treatments intended for each one of these ailments. The path of treatment will be different from person to person dependent upon which particular thyroid gland problem is present in that individual. Some might require surgery while others can be treated with various medications alone.
You need to look for a endocrinologist which is a specialist in dealing with and the treating endocrine ailments which includes those of the thyroid gland. Nevertheless a specialist may not be necessary for minor thyroid problems. Because of to this reality your main health care provider is probably the best place to start, to be able to determine how your specific case should be treated.