There are several different types of hyperpigmentation treatment available today. This is mainly because skin pigmentation conditions can be found in a wide range of forms. Hyperpigmentation can be defined as a darkening of areas of skin or fingernails caused by an surplus of melanin being produced in the body.
Skin pigmentation on the face can cause a lot of distress for those with this condition. As there are many forms of hyperpigmentation, so to are there many causes - overexposure to the sun, acne, inflammation, and Addison's disease to name but a few. As for the type of hyperpigmentation treatment you can use, there are many options. But effective treatment in any case depends on a correct diagnosis and the skilled application of any given therapy.
Dermal hyperpigmentation is the form that is most resistant and stubborn to any type of medical intervention. In many cases, the use of concealing cosmetics tend to be one of the best remedy. However, there have been promising advances in dermal hyperpigmentation treatment using alexandrite and ruby lasers. Research continues to be ongoing in this area of medicine. Laser treatment does not get rid of any pigmentation permanently, it only masks the problem for a while.
Laser therapies may also have side effects in the form of atrophy and hypertrophic scarring as well as irritation and increased pigment production. If you have melasma, then generally speaking this condition tends to be resistant to lasers anyway. In the case of epidermal hyperpigmentation treatment, there are a few more alternatives. Hydroquinone is applied topically and works by inhibiting the enzymes that convert dopa into melatonin. However, hydroquinone does require a prolonged course of treatment to be the most effective. Mequinol, tretinoin, alpha-hydroxy acids, azelaic acid and salicylic acid can also be used as topical treatments.
Some of the most effective therapies, have been combination treatments, such as low concentrations of hydroquinone and tretinoin. Combination treatments can be continued for a longer time and may also strengthen the epidermal layers of skin.
More invasive forms of hyperpigmentation treatment take the form of chemical peels, dermabrasion, and cryosurgery. Chemical peels can be helpful for photodamaged skin, while cryosurgery is useful for the treatment of lentigines. However, it can lead to increased levels of pigmentation if not properly applied. It is suggested that the better results come from brief, intermittent freezing of the lesion, which must be precisely targeted to avoid affecting normal tissue. Even then, the use of other therapies such as skin creams will complement these therapies and ameliorate any possible side effects.
It cannot be emphasized enough, that early diagnosis and intervention is essential to make sure the correct choice of treatment is made. The sooner the condition can be diagnosed then the greater the range of hyperpigmentation treatment options that will be available to you whether you have skin pigmentation on face, body or both.