When we talk about eczema, we are actually referring to several skin conditions. There are a number of different skin conditions that fall under this category. These are basically dermatitis that affect the epidermis.
There are basic characteristics that we shall look at as we attempt to understand eczema. Hopefully, this would help us as we try to manage outbreaks.
Unfortunately most cases of eczema may not have any definite cure. The most that is done in many cases is to try to manage the condition. Let's now look at some types of eczema.
We would be looking at a few types like Atopic Eczema, Contact Eczema, Xerotic Ezema, Seborrhoeic Eczema, Dyshidrosis Eczema, Discoid Eczema and Venous Eczema.
There certainly are others but these are the few we would look at in this article.
Atopic Eczema: This is one type of eczema that is linked to allergies and genes. It is thought to be hereditary. This is so basically because most people who suffer from this come from people that have a tendency to suffer from asthma and hay fever.
A lot of itching is associated with this type of eczema. You would find it occurring in the head, scalp, neck, elbow, back of the knee and other places. Scratching the itch is not encouraged since it would only worsen the condition.
Contact Eczema: This is more or less self explanatory. It is eczema that is gotten from contact or exposure to certain allergens or irritants. If the contact results in an allergic reaction then it is called an allergic contact eczema. If however it results in irritation, it is then called an irritant contact eczema.
This is one of the simpler eczema to take care of. It simply requires that the irritant or allergen is removed from the person. Conversely, the person can be removed from the irritant or allergen.
Xerotic Eczema: This type of eczema can result from the skin getting extremely dry. This makes this type of eczema common during winter. It commonly affects the arms and legs.
Seborrhoeric Eczema: This type of eczema appears as dandruff. It leaves the scalp greasy and flaky. Its occurrence in infants is called cradle cap.
When this type of eczema is not contained, it can spread from the head to other parts of the body.
Dyshidrosis Eczema: This type of eczema is not as common as others. It is known to affect the palms, fingers and toes.
Discoid Eczema: Just like the type above, this is not one of the very common ones. It is usually shaped in a round form and can be found on the legs.
Venous Eczema: When a person suffers from poor blood circulation, edema or varicose veins, this type of eczema can occur. It would commonly be found around the ankle region.
The treatment and management of eczema can be quite daunting. The most common way of managing this condition is keeping the skin moisturized. Avoid leaving the skin dry.
For a more personalized treatment, do well to consult your dermatologist . The variances in the occurrence of eczema makes it difficult to offer a treatment. What worked for one may not work for another. Consult a dermatologist and get proper treatment.