You might be noticing that your skin might be coming flaky and cracked and the reason for this is that the natural oils from within the body are drying out. Here the body is just not able to produce sufficient levels of oils and so any moisture from the body is just being lost.
A possible reason for this type of event to happen within the body would be due to dehydration as the body becomes old or other reasons.
Dry skin is not just for the face but can appear anywhere on the body such as the scalp, hands and also the feet. Where dryness on the feet does occur this is commonly referred to as Athlete's foot. Again there are many treatments that are available for this and it generally a fungal infection.
You do need to seek a special treatment for athlete's foot because a dry skin moisturiser will not be suitable. The reason for this is that the skin on the feet is much thicker than the skin on the face, plus the feet do not actually have any sweat glands. You can get a product for this ailment at any local store.
At the stage where the skin is so dry that there is absolute no moisture content at all, then flakiness and cracking are quite apparent. Such cracking can be so severe then bleeding starts to occur, and although a very extreme case, it does happen and such suffers do need to go to hospital.
There are also genetic reasons that come into play, although it is rare. But generally dry skin that is genetic based is normally in the form of eczema or psoriasis. Again many products are available but you need something specific to these ailments, and not just a moisturiser for everyday use.
You will need to invest in a product that will not just sit on the surface of the skin but will penetrate it in order to essentially restart the glands into producing the natural oils that the skins needs in order to stay supple. Whilst there are many products that are available do not be hyped into what all the commercials say, as many high street products are over hyped and generally offer a short term relief.
One great way to treat dry skin is to eat avocado and you should aim to eat one a day without fail. You can just cut it and eat it or mash it up and eat it with a salad. Invest in a juicer and drink freshly squeezed juices such as carrot juice as this is an excellent cleanser for the liver, skin and is jam packed full of essential vitamins and minerals.
When it comes to investing in a dry skin moisturiser for instance, insist that the products contain high amounts of coconut. Or better still buy some coconut oil and apply it to your skin. It is very relaxing to use and is great if you feel that your scalp is itchy or dry. Apply at night and leave overnight and then wash the following morning.
Your scalp will feel refreshed, and when you are massaging you may just see all those dead skin cells land on your shoulders, but it really does help to soothe the scalp.