Nutrition Needed During Pregnancy as well as Lactation Period

Pankaj Kumar

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A Woman’s nutrient needs go up throughout pregnancy as well as lactation. A few of the increased nutrient requirements protect maternal health, whereas others have an impact on birth outcome and infant health. If these requirements are not met, the consequences can be severe for women and their babies.

All mom-to-be call for healthy food during pregnancy as well as micronutrient supplements

When there is no increase in the nutrient consumption, in that case, the body’s reserves are used, leaving an expecting woman weaker. Energy requirements increase in the 2nd and mainly the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. Inadequate weight gain during pregnancy often causes low birth weight, which increases a baby’s risk of dying. Expecting women require more iron, iodine, protein, vitamin A, folate, as well as other nutrients, as well. Deficiencies of certain nutrients are related to motherly problems, fetal and baby loss, defects during birth, and declined physical and mental capability of the child.

Lactation puts a lot of stress on maternal stores of energy, protein, as well as other nutrients. These stores are supposed to be established, maintained, and replenished. Almost every mother, unless awfully undernourished, can produce sufficient amounts of breastmilk. The energy, protein, as well as other nutrients in breastmilk comes from a mom’s nutrition or her own body stores. Females who do not get sufficient nutrients in their foods suffer the risk of maternal weakening. To avoid this, more food must be given to the mother.

Maternal deficiencies of a few micronutrients can have an impact on the quality of breastmilk. These insufficiencies can be avoided if the mother mends her diet before, in, and between cycles of pregnancy as well as lactation, or takes supplements. E. g. , according to various studies proper supplements increase vitamin A levels in the mother, in her breastmilk, and in her baby.

Meeting Nutrient Requirements

Sufficient energy intake and a varied diet that consists of fruit, vegetables, and animal products all through the life cycle help ensure that women enter pregnancy as well as lactation without deficiencies and get sufficient nutrients during periods of intensified demand.

A few nutrient requirements, mainly iron, folic acid, and vitamin A, are harder to achieve than others through food sources.

For this reason, supplements with these nutrients are suggested along with better diets to give healthy nutrition during lactation to mothers and mothers to be.

These supplements are easily available in the market and are a good addition to the diet during lactation as well as pregnancy.


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