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Side Effects of Antibiotics: What Are They?

Nataly Perekhrest
 


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Among a wide array of versatile medications, antibiotics are, probably, the most popular and frequently prescribed drugs. They are also called “miracle drugs” and we can’t but agree with this name. Before the antibiotics were discovered (this happened in 1940s), millions of people died from infections and diseases, which are easy to treat nowadays and, thus, are considered common. With the invention of antibiotics, the number of such deaths has notably decreased, which is one of the most impressive benefits of these medications.

Nowadays, doctors prescribe antibiotics to treat various bacterial infections and prevent the spread of bacteria in kids and adults. At the same time, people frequently overlook the fact that, just like any other medications, antibiotics can cause side effects, which range from common and up to severe. Because of these side effects, patients often have to stop taking them and look for a more suitable option. So, what are these side effects and is it possible to prevent them?

Side Effects of Antibiotics

If you have ever taken antibiotics (and there are, probably, no people, who haven’t taken them), then you definitely know that these medications are associated with the following common side effects:

allergic reactions
diarrhea
vomiting
bloating
nausea
stomach ache
yeast infections etc.

In some cases, it is possible to prevent these and other adverse reactions by following the instructions that come with the medication. However, this does not mean that the effects of antibiotics will be the same for all patients. All people differ as well as their tolerance to medications. An antibiotic that worked well for one person may cause severe health reaction in another patient. That is why, it is so important to be aware of the potential side effects of these drugs and watch the way your body reacts to their intake. If you develop any strange symptoms or face health reactions that seem abnormal, then you should contact your doctor the sooner-the better to explain the situation to him/her. Your physician knows better, what is right and what is not. So, the consultation will help make everything clear.

Another thing you should keep in mind is that antibiotics should never be used to treat all infections you have from time to time. They are effective when it comes to bacterial infections, but they don’t treat viral infections (such as common flu or cold) or fungal infections (such as vaginal yeast infections, for instance). Let’s focus on the common side effects of antibiotics closer.

  • Gastrointestinal Problems

Antibiotic-associated gastrointestinal problems, such as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting etc. , are the most frequently reported side effects of antibiotics. They are observed because of the negative influence of these medications upon the good microorganisms inhabiting the intestine. While some patients observe these side effects, others don’t and it is impossible to tell, who is more subjected to these health reactions in advance. The best way to prevent these side effects is to take antibiotics belonging to the new “generation”. They don’t affect the gastrointestinal tract to such an extent.

  • Yeast Infections

Yeast infections also frequently develop in people taking antibiotics. This is because antibiotics change the normal flora in the vagina and oral cavity, which results in the overgrowth of fungus known as Candida albicans. By the way, yeast infections may develop several weeks after the end of treatment.

  • Site Reactions

When the antibiotics are taken in the form of injections or intravenously, they are more likely to cause injection site reactions and even a dangerous condition known as “phlebitis” (inflammation of veins). If you or someone you know gets such treatment, it makes sense to watch the places of injections. If they become red, swollen and painful, these may be the signs of this condition or the infection. In this case, the consultation of a doctor is urgently required.

It goes without saying that these medications have become so effective and popular that it is possible to buy antibiotic online and offline these days. Although, they are effective when it comes to curing serious infections, their intake may be associated with a broad range of side effects, many of which are not reported. Consulting your doctor before getting the treatment is a priority, if you wish to prevent the development of the unwanted health reactions.

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