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Gallstone Dissolving Agents - Oral Drug


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Type of Drug: Gallstone dissolving agent

How The Drug Works

Monoctanoin is a liquid given through a catheter into the bile duct. Gallstones (found in the gallbladder or bile duct) may remain in the bile duct after surgical removal of the gallbladder. If these stones are made of cholesterol and are too large to pass out of the body on their own, monoctanoin may help dissolve them. Complete dissolution is more likely when there is a single stone than when there are multiple stones.


To dissolve cholesterol gallstones that remain in the bile duct after the gallbladder has been removed. Used when other means of removing the stones have failed, or in patients who are not good candidates for surgery.

Pregnancy: Adequate studies have not been done in pregnant women, animal studies may have shown a risk to the fetus. Use only if clearly needed and potential benefits outweigh the possible hazards to the fetus.

Breastfeeding: It is not known if monoctanoin appears in breast milk. Consult your doctor before you begin breastfeeding.

Children: Safety and effectiveness have not been established.

Lab tests may be required to monitor therapy. Lab tests include liver function tests.

Side Effects

Every drug is capable of producing side effects. Many patients experience no, or minor, side effects. The frequency and severity of side effects (many factors including dose, duration of therapy and individual susceptibility. Possible side effects include: Stomach pain; nausea; vomiting; diarrhea; appetite loss; loose stools; indigestion; fever.

Guidelines for Use

This agent must be given by your doctor through a the bile duct It is given continuously for 2 to 10 days,

Tell your doctor immediately if stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea, fever, appetite loss, chills, severe pain in the upper right side, or the lowing of skin or eyes occurs.

The authors site you will find information about drug interactions has lots of tips about drug dosage and side effects of drugs


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