High blood pressure medication is very commonly prescribed by doctors. Some medications carry more risk of side effects than others. ACE inhibitor drugs like lisinopril and enalapril are used all over the world. One of the main side effects of ACE ihibitor drugs is swelling of the lips and throat - called angioedema in medical language.
New research has looked at the incidence of angioedema caused by ACE inhibitors in about four hundred thousand patients.
The following findings were reported:
This study shows us that Angioedema is very rare and that the numbers involved vary a lot depending on race, age, sex and whether the patient has diabetes or not.
The researchers say that, when considering the use of ACE inhibitor therapy in black patients, the increased risk of angioedema should be taken into account and discussed with the patients.
We must not forget that ACE inhibitor drugs have been valuable in preventing fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular and renal events in patients at risk, and it is likely that they will continue to be prescribed in the foreseeable future.
Gordon Cameron is a physician in Edinburgh Scotland. You can find out more about blood pressure problems including low blood pressure and dealing with the problems associated with treatment to lower blood pressure .