Osteoporosis is a disease of bones which makes them weak and more prone to fractures. Anyone can suffer from osteoporosis but it is more common in older women. In osteoporosis bone mineral density is reduced and architecture of the bone is disrupted.
In the beginning of the disease no symptoms of the disease are seen because osteoporosis doesn't cause symptoms unless bone fractures. Some osteoporosis fractures may escape detection until years later. Patient may not be aware of the disease until they experience painful fracture. Typical osteoporosis fractures occur in hip, vertebral column and wrist. These type of fractures can cause acute radiculopathic pains in the back. Multiple vertebral fractures can cause loss of height and defect in posture.
Osteoporosis bone fractures are responsible for considerable pain, decreased quality of life, lost workdays and disability. Up to 35% of patients suffering a hip fracture will need long term nursing home care. Elderly patients can further develop pneumonia and blood clots in the leg veins that can travel to the lungs (pulmonary embolism) due to prolonged bed rest after a hip fracture. Estrogen is responsible for maintaining bone density in women. When estrogen levels decreases after menopause bone loss fastens.
Following are some risk factors of osteoporosis.
- Old age.
- Family history of osteoporosis.
- Certain medicines and drugs can also cause this disease.
- White or asian women are at greater risk of osteoporosis.
- Some people suffer from osteopenia which means low bone mass.
If osteoporosis is diagnosed and treated in a timely manner the patient can led a productive and effective life.
Now you know enough about osteoporosis and what you need to know more is Treatment of osteoporosis for that you have to visit Health Blog being run by Jitesh Arora.