Diabetic individuals suffer a condition where the body fails to effectively use or simply ceases to produce insulin to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood. A healthy body automatically regulates glucose level in the blood, adjusting to any type of food consumed. Diabetics, on the other hand, need to balance their food intake with insulin injections, exercise and other glucose altering activity to control blood glucose level while maintaining a desirable weight, and prevent a host of heart-related diseases. To keep blood glucose from rising too high or dipping too low, an event that may lead to diabetic shock, a healthy diet is vital for all diabetics. It is simply a balanced healthy diet, though a common misconception is that the diet consist only diabetic foods.
Research shows that regardless of the makeup of the diet, the most effective dietary strategy to prevent the onset of diabetic is by eating just enough calories to maintain an ideal weight. Recommendations of diabetic diet differ from one person to another, based on lifestyle, nutritional needs, and the timing and action of medications. In any case, adjusting the diet to suit a particular condition requires patients to learn the basics of food nutrition.
The diet for Type 1 diabetes patients focuses mostly on matching required insulin shots with food intake. As such, Type 1 patients need to know how fast their body metabolizes different type of foods and when the insulin peaks. A recommended diet for patients with Type 1 diabetes contains approximately 35 calories per kg of body weight per day, or 16 calories per pound of body weight per day.
Meanwhile, diet for Type 2 diabetes is targeted to improve the body's ability to utilize produced insulin through weight loss. Patients with Type 2 diabetes generally are put on a 1500-1800 calorie diet per day. This, however, varies depending on a person's age, sex, activity level, current weight and body style. It takes more calories to maintain a larger body, thus a 1600 calorie diet for more obese individuals may promote weight loss that is too fast to be healthy. In general, men require more calories than women owing to their higher muscle mass; more calories are burned by muscles than fat. Similarly, people with low activity level will have less daily caloric needs.
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