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Depression! What is It?

Wangeci Kinyanjui

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Do you at times feel emotionally disturbed that you just want to keep to yourself and let no one disturb you with anything? Well, this may be a sign of depression. Depression is a health condition that affects your state of mind and eventually make you feel inadequate, gloomy, sad, withdrawn, moody and at times disinterested in most activities that you like undertaking. This condition may be genetically inherited or just occur in an individual due to the influence of multiple genes reacting with environmental factors. In addition to these factors, an existence of bad relationships, lack of achieving goals in life and many other factors may also contribute to this disorder.

Among people, women are prone to depression compared to men. This is due to the fact that there are a lot of hormonal and psychological factors that are unique only to women and not to men hence women having a higher depression rate. When these factors occur, they sometimes affect a part of the brain that usually controls a person's emotions and moods. For example, during pregnancy, women undergo a lot of hormonal changes and at times this make them to be more aggressive and appear harsh most of the times. The same thing cannot be said about men. The rare occasions of depression cases in men usually occur due to external factors such as office work, financial constraints or a business deal gone bad. For this reason, depression episodes in men seem to exist for a shorter period as compared to women.

On the other hand, children and adolescents can also suffer from depression episodes. In children, the signs may be pretending to be sick, refusal to go to school, always being negative about things and the child always clinging himself to the parent. When left untreated, child depression may be a major cause of other mental disorders in future. For adolescents, depression occurs at a time of great personal change in their bodies. This is when the young men and women want to have a distinctive identity from their parents, try to cope with peer pressure and are trying to make decisions for their lives for the first time. If adolescent depression is not attended to by parents or professionals, it may result in the teenager being naughty at school or even committing suicide when it comes to the extremes.

Today, there are different types of depression conditions that occur to people around the globe depending on the type of situation the person is in at that moment.

Manic depression, sometimes known as bipolar disorder, is one type of depression that makes you appear moody all the time. Most of the time, the condition takes place when things seem not to go the way you want them to go. The condition makes you not to socialize with others and tend to keep to yourself most of the time. For those who know you, they may refer to you as being rude during the period when you are experiencing this type of depression. This situation may stay with you for a couple of days or weeks before you return to normalcy.

Another type of depression is the postpartum depression. This condition occurs in new mothers who have just given birth. The mothers tend to keep away from their babies and always avoid them whenever they can. The depression is usually onset by hormonal changes that occur after the mother has given birth. Unlike manic depression, this type of depression may take about six months or a few months of professional help for the condition to ultimately heal.

The other type of depression is the one termed as Seasonal depression. This type of occurs recursively according to seasonal patterns. For example, during winter seasons, younger people may be seen to be moody most of the times but when spring comes, depression cases go away. This pattern will keep on continuing since the season in which people are mostly found to be depressed will always come. This condition mostly takes place in young people and also in northern climates.

Wangeci Kinyanjui is an expert on research and reporting on Health Matters for years. To get more information on depression visit her site at DEPRESSION


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