What depression is
A person suffering from any five or more of these given below depression symptoms. Some common symptoms of depression include:
- mood swings
- loss of interest or pleasure in activities
- change in appetite or weight
- difficulty sleeping or oversleeping
- physical slowing or agitation
- energy loss
- feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt
- difficulty in concentrating
- recurrent thoughts of death or suicide
Severe depression can occur between ages 15 to 30 years as well as in children. Symptoms in children are different from those of adults.
Chronic but less severe form of depression, called dysthymic disorder, diagnosed when depression persists for at least two years (one year in children) and is accompanied by at least two other symptoms. Dysthymia can turn into major depression if symptoms persist.
Episodes of depression occur in bipolar disorder. Symptoms include depression alternating with mania, which is characterized by abnormally and persistently elevated mood or irritability and depression symptoms including overly-inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, increased talkativeness, racing thoughts, distractibility, physical agitation, and excessive risk taking.
It is assessed through the results indicated in diagnostic evaluation. Antidepressants are the most common medications made available to the patients which have been showing tremendous results coupled with psychotherapies.
Effexor and Depression
Effexor, also called venlafaxine and manufactured by Wyeth, is a common antidepressant from Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) family and is used to help people suffering from depression.
Effexor helps in bringing back chemical stability in the brain with the help of increasing serotonin, a chemical messenger, but has had its share of controversy because of its harmful side effects and patients were warned against their consumption as it has been target of medical lawsuits due to suicides and suicidal attempts, as well as causing violent behavior in patients treated for depression.
Birth defects related cases have also been filed against Effexor.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2004, warned manufacturers of Effexor for promoting the brand through ambiguous advertising, because of whichpublic warnings were distributed; mainly:
- against mixing alcohol and/or other drugs with Effexor
- an overdose of Effexor can be fatal as compared to those with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as antidepressants Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil and Lexapro.
- Drug manufacturers are by law, required to indicate all possible side effects to patients as well as doctors.
- Where the manufacturer fails to provide adequate warnings, then the patient has the right to file for medical lawsuit and can receive claims if the side effects prove harmful.