Cosmetic surgery comes in many forms. What follows is an attempt to cover some of the more popular types. It is in no way exhaustive. As with any type of elective surgery, there may be many options available to the individual. Options range from the type of procedure, technique used, and not just the physician themselves. Each option carries its own attendant risks. As such, they should be reviewed carefully with a qualified physician.
Breast augmentation: this essentially involves the use of a prosthetic device to change - usually increase - the size of an individual's breasts. Over time, advances have been made in the type of prosthetic used since the 1970s. However, all employ a type of silicone shell filled with a solution that is then implanted. The solution itself consists of either saline or a silicone gel. Regardless, as in the past the risk of the implant's rupture remains. However, this risk appears to have been greatly reduced. Yet, follow-up checkups are required to ensure this. The main techniques used for this procedure are sub-glandular, sub-fascial, and sub-muscular. In addition, there are variations on these techniques based on the incision used by the surgeon. The types of incisions are Peri-Areolar, Infra-Mammary, and Axillary. Each technique and type comes with its attendant pros and cons. In the end, a lot will depend upon the individual themselves and the surgeon's preference.
Botox, also known as Vistabel or Dysport, is the brand name used for botulin toxin type A. It is used in injections, most popularly for removing lines. Since it is an injection, and is normally performed in an outpatient setting, with no anesthesia required, it is quite popular. However, since its effects are not permanent, follow-up injections are usually required. Botox is considered a prescription drug. As such, it should be performed by a qualified physician. Botulin toxin type A comes from bacteria. After it has been processed, it works by interfering with nerve impulses, amongst other things. It has only been in the last few years that, it has come to be recognized for its cosmetic function. These range from the appearance of severe frown lines between the eyebrows, excessive underarm sweating and spasticity.
Liposuction involves the removal of deposits of fat from the body. Technically, the procedure goes by the names of Lipoplasty or Suction Lipectomy. More popularly, it's known as body contouring. It is not considered an alternative to weight loss. However, it's used when normal diet and exercise have not worked to reduce these deposits.
The main techniques used are basic liposuction with a fluid injection, tumescent liposuction, use of stitches, super wet liposuction, ultrasound assisted liposuction (UAL), power assisted liposuction (PAL) and external ultrasound assisted liposuction (XUAL or EUAL). A local or general anesthetic may be used depending upon the technique.
There are many considerations prior to undergoing the procedure. Issues include the elasticity of the skin around the area to be treated, and the general health of the individual. Exclusions include having diabetes, heart and/or circulation problems and/or any medication that affects the healing process. The main type of medication to be aware of are anticoagulants.
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