Everyone may have encountered a hemorrhoid at some point in their life. Of course when you feel a pain or pressure in the anus area you will just assume it is another hemorrhoid. There are other problems which can occur such as anal fistulas which many are unaware of. Alan fistulas are small tears in the anus lining which can occur due to constipation.
If you have ever encountered a small cut in the corner of your mouth from being sick, this is what an anal fistula is for your anal area. Other issues you may notice anal fistulas would be constant diarrhea or harder stools which are a bit harder to pass which makes you push more and causes a tear in the lining of your anus. You will realize you have anal fistulas because they are quite painful.
If you are passing a bowel movement you will notice that it can be quite painful due to the stool passing through the anus causing more irritation on the tear which occurred before.
If you feel you might have experienced an anal fistulas you may want to head to the doctor just to make sure it is just not another hemorrhoid. The doctor will be able to determine the diagnosis after an anal exam of the tissues surrounding the anal opening. Anal fistulas will heal themselves but of course having to pass a bowel movement every day may put a strain on the healing process. You want to make sure you are on a healthy diet which will keep you from becoming constipated or even having diarrhea to make the healing process less painful and much quicker. Your doctor may prescribe you an antibiotic just to help along with a cream for the pain.
If you speak to your physician about constipation they may also provide you with a stool softener to make sure the times you pass a bowel movement you will not be putting more strain on the healing process of your pre existing anal fistulas.
For some, soaking in a warm bath will sooth the painful, inflamed area. Make sure when you exit the bath tub that you dry off the buttocks area to avoid moisture to build up causing the tear to become more irritated.
Use a bit of powder to keep the area dry from moisture and make sure to pat dry each time you use the bathroom to avoid causing more irritation to the anal area. If you notice after a few weeks that the anal fistulas are still as painful as the first day you may have something else occurring such as a muscle spasm or scarring of the anus. If your fissures will not heal themselves with home treatments and medications given by the doctors you may have to have a small surgery done to fix the issue.
They will cut a small portion of the anal muscle to prevent the spasms of the anus to tense up as much as they have before causing this healing process to continue after many weeks. It usually in an in/out patient procedure done by a physician who will give you much more of a relief knowing it was taken care of before the cut or tear become larger. There are other anal fissures treatments available as well.