A scar is a blemish left on the skin after a surface injury or wound has healed. The human body was built to sustain a variety of aggressions, including penetrating trauma, burn trauma and blunt trauma. All of these incidents set into motion an orchestrated chain of events that are involved in the healing response, in which the healthy functional tissue (skin) is replaced by connective tissue (scar) and the curing response is characterized by the movement of specialized cells into the damage site, resulting in a scar.
Healing is the complex and dynamic mechanism that results in the restitution of normal continuity and function. There are some basic reactions that can happen after an injury: regeneration (perfect replacement), average repair (reestablished equilibrium), exaggerated healing (fibrosis and contractures), and deficient healing (chronic ulcers).
When an injury happens; be it a cut or an acne infection, a variety of different cells come quickly to the aid of the wounded area and the complex healing process starts. This is the body's natural way of protecting itself from damage. However this innate defensive mechanism usually leaves behind scarring evidence, leaving you with a sudden need of removing scars or getting rid of acne scars.
Scars are composed mainly of collagen, a protein fiber normally found in the skin's second layer, these scars are the body's method of repairing itself.
Fortunately, so scars will fade in time. For those that don't, new treatments like laser therapies can minimize them significantly. But your best bet is always prevention.
The next list of do's and dont's is a simple acne scar treatment guide that will help you keep new scars at bay.
Don't cleanse wounds with hydrogen peroxide. The bubbles make it seem like something good is occurring, but hydrogen peroxide is known to destroy the new skin cells that immediately begin to grow.
Don't treat your skin with vitamin E. Vitamin E has been proven in a University of Miami study to impede wound healing. (In addition, one-third of the patients tested also shown an allergic reaction).
Don't expose new scars to the sun. UV radiation can retard the healing process and, since they excite melanocytes (the cells that secrete pigment), can promote dark coloration. When you're outdoors, always use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher.
Do cover an injury. If not protected, healing will be retarded by as much as 50 percent; wounds do not need to ‘breathe', as some people think. Moisture prevents the formation of a hard scab, which acts as a defense to the formation of new tissue. It's recommended to treat the injured area daily with an antibiotic ointment like Neosporin (which will avoid infection, another impediment to healing) and maintaining it protected with a bandage. After a week, switch to simple Vaseline petroleum jelly and keep using it underneath the bandage until new skin grows over the wound.
Do maintain regular pressure on the wound with special bandages or silicone sheeting pads. Various studies have demonstrated that accessories like these help to compress scars-even keloids, scars with hardened tissue that grow impetuously over their original bounds.
Scars can now be quickly alleviated thanks to a new skin care solution elaborated with a non-allergenic, non-irritant natural ingredient that rejuvenates your skin.