A Hemorrhoidectomy is considered to be one of the most effective surgical procedures for removing a hemorrhoid from the body. Of all the surgical procedures for hemorrhoid removal, this method has the highest success rate and causes no significant side effects. However, mild to moderate itching after hemorrhoidectomy is very common.
How is a Hemorrhoidectomy done?
Hemorrhoidectomy is done under anesthesia, which means that the patient needs to be rendered unconscious. It can also be performed under spinal anesthesia (in which a patient will be anesthetized from waist downwards) or may be under a local anesthesia (in which the immediate spot is injected with a potent anesthetizing agent). The choice of the anesthetizing agent will depend on the surgery type and extent, on the health of the patient and also on his/her preference.
Multiple incisions are to be made in the affected tissues surrounding the hemorrhoids as the first step to a hemorrhoidectomy. The vein that is swollen inside the affected hemorrhoid is then tied to prevent bleeding, and slowly the hemorrhoid will be removed. The area on which the surgery has been performed can either be sewed or left as it is. Medicated gauze is used for covering the wound.
This surgery is either performed with proper medicated equipments or even with the use of a laser. The recovery time is also less than any other surgical procedure; it takes approximately 2-3 weeks for a person to get back to normal life. One can go back home on the day of the operation.
Post Hemorrhoidectomy Care
Patients need to be careful about themselves after the surgery. Usually, mild pain might occur after the surgery because the anus tends to tighten. Doctors prescribe some drugs for relieving pain as well. It is important to take laxatives or stool softeners in order to prevent straining during the bowel movements. A sitz bath can be taken even after surgery to relieve pain and discomfort.
Although there are no immediate risks associated with a hemorrhoidectomy with any surgery there is always some degree of risk. However, how hemorrhoidectomy is done might have an effect on the body. When done in appropriate and hygienic conditions chances of infections and allergic reactions are negligible. But bleeding and itching after hemorrhoidectomy have been known to occur.
In less than 5% cases, the hemorrhoid recurred in patients.
A Hemorrhoidectomy succeeds only when it is done with care and precision. Also, it is important o take all the necessary self-care measures in order to prevent the condition from worsening any further. Nevertheless, surgeries should be considered as the last resort for treating hemorrhoids. Though these methods seem to give instant relief from the condition, they can cause health complications in the future.
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