Diabetes

 


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There are two forms of Diabetes: diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus. Diabetes insipidus is quite uncommon whereas diabetes mellitus is the common condition that is simply known to us as diabetes.

Diabetes Insipidus ADH (Anti-Diuretic Hormone) is produced in the hypothalamus and travels to the pituitary gland and from there is stored and released. ADH allows the kidneys to retain water, thus preventing the need to urinate frequently. Diabetes Insipidus occurs when there is a deficiency of ADH. When this hormone is deficient, the kidney actually creates more urine than normal, creating the need to urinate every half hour or so. This results in excessive thirst due to dehydration. The danger of not keeping properly hydrated is the possibility of coma and death.

With a healthy level of ADH, a person may go for several hours without drinking anything. The kidneys will conserve water to prevent you from getting dehydrated. If you pass urine in this state, your urine will be concentrated. With a deficient level of ADH, you will continue to pass urine and the urine will not be concentrated.

Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus is broken into two sections: Type 1? think of this as insulin dependent Type 2? think of this as non insulin dependent

After you consume food, the pancreas (an organ between your spine and stomach) releases insulin into the bloodstream. Insulin helps your cells extract glucose from your bloodstream to use as energy. In the case of diabetes, either the pancreas does not make enough insulin (also known as Type 1? insulin dependent) OR the cell is unable to acknowledge that glucose is available to penetrate the cell, thus causing an overabundance of glucose (sugar) to collect in the bloodstream (also known as Type 2? non insulin dependent). Glucose is a type of sugar necessary for your body as it provides the cells with necessary energy.

In Type 1 diabetes, the immune system slowly attacks the insulin producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin can still be made by the pancreas for a short time, but eventually insulin production will fall to dangerously low levels. Remember that insulin lets your cells extract glucose from the bloodstream. With low levels of insulin, blood sugar levels will rise, and insulin injections will be necessary.

In Type 2 diabetes, the body eventually becomes insulin resistant and the cell does not read the signal to absorb glucose. This results in high levels of glucose in the blood. As blood sugar rises, the pancreas creates more insulin. Eventually, the pancreas becomes exhausted from producing excess insulin, and eventually will cause sugar to rise again.

As with all medical conditions, it is important to speak to your doctor concerning your health. If you would like further information or feel that Diabetes is affecting you, see a doctor immediately.

Naureen Tariq is the article writer for:
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