Scars caused by acne are more common than physicians once believed; most people will have acne scars that are mild. However, some will have scars that are significant. The best approach is prevention and to treat acne promptly as sometimes even mild acne can cause scarring, Prompt acne treatment will minimize the risk of permanent acne scars.
Acne scars result from tissue response to the inflammation caused by acne:
(1) Increased tissue formation
(2) Loss of tissue.
1. Increased Tissue Formation
The scars caused by increased tissue formation are called keloids or hypertrophic scars. The word hypertrophy means “enlargement" or “overgrowth. " Both hypertrophic and keloid scars are associated with excessive amounts of the cell substance collagen. Overproduction of collagen is a response of skin cells to injury. The excess collagen becomes accumulated in fibrous masses, resulting in a firm, smooth and irregularly-shaped scar. Keloids tend to be inherited where a genetic predisposition to form keloids occurs after tissue injury. African-Americans often have a predisposition to keloid formation. Some families also tend to form hypertrophic acne scars or thickened acne scars.
2. Acne Scars Resulting From Loss of Tissue
Acne scars resulting from loss of tissue are more common than scars resulting from increased tissue formation. There are several types of acne scars but the most common are:
A. Ice-pick acne scars - derive their name from their appearance. They could be superficial or deep, are usually diminished in diameter and have steep sides like an ice-pick wound. They could be also be hard or soft to the touch; the soft acne scars are usually more skin-deep and the hard scars deeper. The base of hard scars under the skin may be wider than the scar at the surface of the skin.
B. Depressed fibrotic acne scars - are usually large scars that have sharp margins and steep sides. They are similar in appearance to deep chicken pox scars.
C. Superficial and deep soft acne scars - are varying in size, and have slanted edges that blend with normal skin.
D. Follicular macular atrophy - is more likely to occur on the chest or back of a person with acne. These are small, white, soft lesions, often barely raised above the surface of the skin-somewhat like whiteheads that didn’t fully develop. This condition is sometimes also called “perifollicular elastolysis. " The lesions may persist for months to years.
For more information on Acne please visit: http://www.innervibrance.com/Acne
Mayur Vibhakar is a health professional and editor of http://www.innervibrance.com , a site dedicated to achieving optimal health through natural means.