Diabetes: A Chronic Disease With Major Complications

 


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Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects as many as 16 million Americans. Diabetes is on the rise in the world, men and women, young and old. The full name for diabetes is diabetes mellitus, often commonly referred to as sugar diabetes. Diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to automatically regulate blood glucose (sugar) levels, resulting in too much glucose in the blood. The glucose increase is due to the body’s inability to produce or efficiently use the insulin it manufactures.

There are two main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is most common in children however, it can occur at any age. People with type 1 diabetes, need to monitor and control their blood sugar. The drug used in control is insulin, either oral or by injections. The cause of type 1diabetes is unknown, but it is believed people inherit a tendency to develop diabetes, and that viruses are involved.

Type 2 diabetes is the disease that we are hearing so much about in America. About 90% of all diabetes cases are type 2. It is no coincidence that more than 75% of people with type 2 diabetes, are overweight to obese. Anyone can develop this disease but most people are over age 40 however, an increase in childhood type 2 diabetes is alarming. Unfortunately, many people with this disease are not aware that they have it. The may developed various health complications before they become aware. The initial symptoms of type 2 diabetes are often extreme thirst, urinating often, inexplicable weight loss, blurred vision and fatigue. Blood glucose testing regularly is the best way to monitor your condition. If pre-diabetes or diabetes is detected there are several things that can be done to improve your condition.

The patient must be trained in self-management for effective treatment of this disease. He or she must learn to maintain proper blood glucose levels and blood fat levels. Just as important to the over all well being of the patient is regular exercise, proper diet and weight control. The patient needs to know that depression, vision loss, circulatory problems, heart disease and diabetes are interrelated and equally serious health problems.

Therefore, a proactive approach is highly recommended. Just as important to the patient’s well being is routine surveillance and treatment of diabetes related complications by one’s doctor. People with diabetes need to update their knowledge often because research is producing improved ways of dealing with the disease.

Copyright © 2007 Will Jones

Will is a retired Research Food Technologist who worked over forty years with a major Fortune 500 food company in the Midwest. Product and process development of various types of foods were Will’s expertise. Will’s interests include reading, cooking, fishing, travel and golf.

Will is also a contributing editor for http://www.best-free-help.com a FREE Informational Website Portal that is dedicated to giving people expert knowledge of real value, to help people them decide!

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