The first step towards an effective treatment of gout is the successful diagnosis of gout. The various symptoms exhibited by the patient, blood tests that show excessive levels of uric acid, and the finding of urate crystals in the fluid surrounding the joints help in the diagnosis of gout. X-rays on chronic patients of gout reveal damage to the bones and the cartilage tissues.
A comprehensive treatment of gout would include rapid termination of the pain and swelling of the joints associated with gout, thwarting future attacks and preventing further complications like formation of kidney stones and damage to the joints.
Curing gout becomes a challenge if additional medical conditions exist along with gout, and if the patient fails to comply with the suggested mode of living and the prescribed course of therapy.
At present there is no definitive cure for gout, but the symptoms can be alleviated to a great extent and future gout attacks can be successfully prevented by means of a suitable diet, a healthy routine and medications.
The appropriate diet for gout can be briefly summed up under the following points:
- Restriction of food with a high purine content in order to prevent excessive production of uric acid in the body.
- Drinking at least 96 ounces of non-alcoholic liquids every day to dilute the body fluids and help the kidney in functioning properly.
- Avoiding food items that increase the pH level of the body fluid.
A healthy lifestyle can be adopted by:
- Reducing consumption of alcohol and caffeinated drinks.
- Losing excess weight through regular exercise.
The medication regimen meant for curing gout has to be designed to suit the needs of the particular patient and the medicines might have to be changed intermittently. The medications that are usually prescribed in the cure of gout include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are often prescribed to assuage the pain and swelling of an acute attack. Colchicine, corticosteroids or adrenocorticotropic hormone may also be recommended.
- Colchicine, Probenecid, Sulfinpyrazone or Allopurinol may be advised to avert future attacks.
The patient needs to understand all side effects that might be involved in taking these medications. Following the doctor’s advice meticulously can successfully cure the sufferings of gout.
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