Most people don’t know that your hair follicles, hairs, and sebaceous glands makes up what is medically called the “Pilosebaceous unit” gland. Surprisingly your palms, lower lip, top and soles of the feet do not contain any of these tissues. However, your chest, upper neck, and face contain the greatest amount of Pilosebaceous glands. The growth of the sebaceous gland happens during the adolescence stage producing more sebum. And sebum is the substance produced by sebaceous glands that keeps your hair and skin moisturized. The skin disorder that occurs in the Pilosebaceous unit is what we call acne. However, the production of sebum decreases as you typically reach the age of 20.
Propionibacterium acne is a byproduct of what usually happens to normal skin. This bacterium uses the sebum as a growth nutrient, which in turn increases hair follicles during our puberty stage and this ultimately produces acne. Studies have shown that a greater amount of Propionibacterium acne is present on hair follicles that have acne compared to someone without acne. White blood cells are attracted to these follicles due to this bacterium. An enzyme is then produced which damages the hair follicles walls and allows the follicles contents to penetrate the dermis. This then triggers inflammatory responses that cause those nodules, pustules, and papules or red bumps to appear on your skin. Fatty acids are also formed which increases the hair follicles inflammatory mechanisms.
Medications which help control acne in various ways are readily available today. Some of these medicines need to be prescribed, while others can be purchased over the counter.
- Benzoyl Peroxide kills bacteria and reduces your follicles inflammation. This is a good choice for individuals who have a mild acne case. It’s available as a soap bar (5% to 10%), a lotion (5% to 10%), a gel (2.5% to 10%), and a cleanser (10%). All of these are available without a prescription. Using ten percent or twenty percent strengths doesn't improve the therapeutic benefits; however it will decrease skin irritation risks. This should be used one or two times a day. However, it can occasionally trigger skin irritation and usually causes fabric or hair bleaching. Don't use it along with Tretinoin because it just counteracts that medication.
- Salicylic Acid reduces what is medically called comedones (whiteheads and blackheads) formation. You can find the typical strength available is in 0.5% to 2.0% range. This also can be purchased without a prescription. Compared to Tretinoin, this is not as effective but it’s also not an irritating substance. Apply Salicylic Acid at night and then you should remove it by washing after you wake up in the morning.
- Azelaic Acid will kill bacteria and will reduce comedones formation. You can find the typical strength available of the creams around 20%. It is usually sold as Azetex but it must be bought with a prescription. Azelaic Acid should be applied two times a day. The effectiveness is similar to Tretinoin and it usually displays beneficial results when used along with it.
- Erythromycin and Benzoyl Peroxide must be bought with a prescription. You can find the typical strength available for this combination of 3% of Erythromycin and 5% Benzoyl Peroxide. It is usually sold as Benzamycin. The mixture should be refrigerated before you apply it. This can cause some irritation of the skin but it will reduce the amount of acne causing bacteria.
As with any medication, the effectiveness of the above medications differs from one person to the next. To be able to cure and control acne, you should understand what it is all about. One particular treatment can work best for some people while it won’t be effective for others. However, the above acne control medications have successfully treated hundreds of thousands of people with acne problems over the years.
For the very best acne treatments try visiting TopAcneTreatments.info where you will find valuable clear skin advice on acne skin care products, the best acne medications , teenage acne solutions and home treatments for acne.