Delineating Death: Vital Issues Concerning Life

Nilutpal Gogoi
 


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Death refers to cessation of life. It is irreversible. Death means the total loss of a living entity’s essential characteristics.

LEVELS OF DEATH

There can be several levels of death. First, there is somantic death. It is closely followed by three types of changes. They are classified by the level of transformations that our mortal remains undergo. The three stages through which the physical mass pass through are algor mortis, livor mortis and rigor mortis.

WHAT HAPPENS PRIOR TO SOMANTIC DEATH?

Prior to somantic death, functioning of the crucial internal organs stops. For instance, the heart stops breathing. The respiration process including respiration fails. The brain also halts the functioning activity. Moreover, all forms of movements and reflexes too stop functioning.

SOMANTIC DEATH

When the entire organism stops functioning, it is called somantic death. This stage generally precedes the cessation of normal activities of cell parts, cells as a whole, as well as the individual organs. It is not always easy to determine the exact moment of somantic death. This is due to certain transient states like coma, faint, and also trance, all of which have close similarities insofar as the death symptoms are concerned. Mentionably, blood clotting and cells’ death (called autolysis) happen in the close heels of death.

WHEN DO BODY ORGANS DIE?

The body organs die at different paces. The brain cells expire within five minutes of the somantic death. The heart keeps functioning for approximately 15 minutes while the kidney stops functioning after about half an hour of somantic death. Hence, various important organs of a dead body can be removed within 30 minutes from a dead body to be transplanted to another living person.

ALGOR MORTIS, RIGOR MORTIS & LIVOR MORTIS

Algor mortis, Rigor mortis and Livor mortis are the different transition stages that our bodies undergo after death occurs.
Algor mortis: Algor mortis refers to the first transition stage of the body after somantic death. Algor mortis primarily refers to the body cooling. Algor mortis is also affected by the immediate environment and its temperature.
Rigor mortis: The second transition stage of the body takes place from five to 10 hours after death. Rigor mortis disappears after three to four days or 96 hours. Rigor mortis pertains to the stiffening of the skeletal muscles.
Livor mortis: This is the last transition stage of the body after death. During this stage, the body’s underside takes on a reddish-blue color. This discoloration occurs as the blood settles. As a result of these changes, the body starts decomposition. This putrefaction is caused by the actions of the bacteria and the enzymes.

Nilutpal Gogoi is a writer and a freelance journalist having more than 18 years of service in several audio-visual and print media reputed organizations in North East India. He has published one popular adventure book for children and has published more than 1000 articles for various sites, as such Nilutpal Gogoi is a writer and a freelance journalist having more than 18 years of service in several audio-visual and print media reputed organizations in North East India. He has published one popular adventure book for children and has published more than 1000 articles for various sites, as such http://www.wellnesscareplan.com/ http://www.healthylivingabout.com/ http://www.onlinewellness.com

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