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Different types of tea produced in India

Uday Patel

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India is the biggest producer of tea in the world. It produces world’s best tea and almost every region of this country has tea growing potential. India earns approximately 4 % of its income by the way of production.

Historically India produces only black leaf, however in the recent years it has also grown green, white and also oolong leaf. Darjeeling, Assam, Nilgiri and Sikkim are the well known tea producing areas in India.

There are three major kinds of tea produced in India-

Assam Tea

Assam is located in the North Eastern section of India and is the largest contributor to the production in the country. Assam is also known for its black leaf and is produced from the plant called Camellia Sinensis Var Assamica. This type of leaf is produced near the sea level and is known for its body, briskness, malty flavor and also for its strong and bright color. Though Assam particularly produces Black leaf in higher quantities however it now also produces White and Green Leaf.

Darjeeling Tea

This type of leaf is produced in the district of Darjeeling in the state of West Bengal in India. Darjeeling produces variety of leaves like Black, white, green and also Oolong. This type of tea leaf is typically light bodied and produces light color with floral aroma. Darjeeling leaf is mostly marketed as black tea however due to its incomplete oxidation process they are technically more of Oolong than Black. Darjeeling tea is made from small leaved Chinese variety of Camilia Sinensis Var .

White Tea- This variant of Darjeeling leaf carries delicate and soft aroma. This leaf brews to a pale golden color with a hint of sweetness and mellow in taste. This type of white Darjeeling leaves are fluffy and light and are required in more quantity than other brews while preparing.

Darjeeling Oolong Tea- This type has two variants Clonal and China. Oolong produced in Darjeeling is lighter than Darjeeling black leaf and is semi oxidized. Not all gardens in Darjeeling can produce Oolong as it requires the below mentioned qualifiers.

1. It should be at an altitude of 3000 ft above the sea level

2. The average temperature should remain 5 and 20 degrees throughout the season.
3. Clonal type is required.

Niligiri Tea

This type of leaf is Dark, instantly aromatic and flavored grown in the mountains of the southern part of India. It comes from the hilly regions of the Nilgiri district of Tamil Nadu. These leaves are expensive and are hand sorted. A machine sorted variety which is less expensive is also available.

Uday writes often on tea brands in India hence the article. He also writes of Darjeeling leaf produced in West Bengal. As one fond of hot beverages Uday writes often on popular drinks sold in India.


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