Over 80 percent of the population throughout the world is engaged in drinking tea as its favorite beverage. People do this on daily basis for a refreshing experience. There are many types of teas on the difined on the basis of contents, fragrance and flavor. They are often classified on the basis of cultivation. The hot beverage is known well for its specific essence; that’s why it is known as the finest and most refreshing liquor all over the world. All types of teas are prepared using the leaves of a single plant i. e. Camellia sinensis. The variety is prepared through varied processing and different level of oxidation process using the same kind of leaves.
About Camellia Sinensis
This plant is an evergreen shrub which grows wildly and can be over 30 ft in height. When grown in gardens the plants require special care. These bushes are pruned and trimmed time to time in order to assure the optimum yield. Appearance wise, the plant possesses slight gray color and rough texture. Its green, serrated and elliptical leaves are plucked in their early stages for the preparation of high quality blends. Unlike leaves, flowers of the plant are white with small, smooth and round shaped seeds within. Seeds often seem like a small nut. Some leading countries in Asia are extensively known for the cultivation of tea such as China, India, Taiwan and Japan.
History of production
During the nineteenth century, an Englishman Robert Fortune disguised as a Chinese merchant explored secrets of camellia cultivation and tea processing during his journey. As a consequence, the production became popular in Britain. The British them began exporting tea seeds to India and introduced tea production process here. Also, they discovered another plant than camellia which was known as assamicas. This plant possesses bigger leaves than camellia and grows better on Indian plains. Nowadays, many other plants have been developed through hybridization for enhanced production of tea. The production has been promoted worldwide on commercial level in countries where cultivation conditions are possible. Till now, Europe and North America are only two continents where the production is not supportive due to climatic and soil features.
Types of teas
There are many types of teas that are produced on the basis of varied production and fermentation deals. Some of the leading types are black, white, green, oolong, pu-erh and red bush tea. Although, all these types are prepared with the leaves of single plant still varied oxidization and method of processing leads them to difference in flavor, fragrance and appearance. Their price is also determined according to the process they have been prepared.
Uday writes often on top tea companies in India hence the article. He writes frequently on hot beverages cultivated in India and popular all over the World.