Will you lose weight on a low-carb diet? The truth is- temporarily. The fact is many other world populations eat a high carb diet, yet they have a low incidence of obesity and chronic disease. They eat more carbohydrates and less protein then their overweight American, who is riddled with disease.
Carbohydrates is the energy for the body. It is like fuel in an engine, they ‘burn’ in the presence of oxygen, providing 4 calories per gram. There are plentiful in the plant kingdom and are abundantly found in fruits and vegetables, grains and legumes, honey and sugar.
Sugar, the most abundant source of carbohydrates, is a multifaceted substances that are similar but not identical: simple sugars or monosaccharide, such as glucose (blood sugar) and fructose (fruit sugar); double sugars or disaccharides, such as sucrose (table sugar) and lactose (milk sugar); and complex sugars or polysaccharides, such as cellulose (fiber) and starches. Among the natural foods most plentiful in simple and double sugars are dried fruits. Dates, for example, contain 78 per cent sugar and raisins 54 per cent. Simple and double sugars are the most concentrated sources of energy.
However, the body can only use the simple sugar GLUCOSE to provide energy. This means that all sugar and starches, and to a lesser degree proteins as fats, must be converted to glucose by digestive enzymes before they can be used. Glucose is subsequently metabolized and regulated by the hormone insulin. FRUCTOSE (abundant in fruits) is readily converted to glucose by digestive enzymes before they can be used. Glucose is subsequently metabolized and regulated by the hormone insulin, Fructose (abundant in fruits) is readily converted to glucose by the liver and absorbed from the intestines into the blood, without the need of insulin, making it a fine quick-energy sugar. That is why it is best for people who wake up drowsy in the morning to have a glass of fresh fruit juice rather than coffee. This is also the reason why fructose can be consumed moderately by diabetics ( who lack insulin). As it is 50 per cent sweeter than table sugar and causes less tooth decay, it is also safer. Another related sugar which does not trigger insulin release is SORBITOL, most people among diabetics. Most of it is converted to carbon dioxide. Only a small part is converted to glucose, which is absorbed through the intestines over a longer period of time than table sugar, making it a much more desirable sweetener than ordinary sugar, even for healthy people. Its slow metabolism does not tax the sugar-balancing glands and causes mush less tooth decay. Sorbitol also increases assimilation of certain vitamins such as B12, which explains its presence in many multivitamin tables. MANNITOL is another non-insulin-releasing sugar.
Right now, American is engaged in a diet war! Are carbohydrate bad for you? Do they came with side-effects? Those questions need answer that are based on scientific evidence.
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