The IT departments and networks in the real world face a number of threats. Threats may be from an insider by means of password disclosure or staff collision or external online threats where hackers take advantage of computer security holes. In the latter cases, solutions are currently not available. To overcome the problems that these threats cause, identity and access management solutions are used across the company in IT departments. Access to information, applications and networks are provided by IAM solutions.
Access to company resources must be highly secure and fast. Access is also critical for daily operations of public, private and government organizations. In addition, the authorized user should be able to easily access network resources. Auditors have privilege to provide recommendations for improving the IAM activities, and understanding the basic IAM strategies is an important role of an auditor.
Differences between identity and access management
The identity management process includes the management of digital identities, including the profiles of people, systems, services and also use of developing technologies to control access to company resources. The goal is to improve productivity, security and also cost efficiency when it comes to managing users and their identities, attributes, and credentials.
Access management is the process of modulating right access to information and data assets. It provides policies which control the usage of specific systems based on an individual’s current role and also the individual’s permissions and restrictions. Keeping the above rules in mind, the appropriate IAM program is developed.
Strategy: The complete IAM life cycle is a combination of processes, technologies and policies that allow users to manage their identities made possible by some enabled software. The goal of IAM is to initiate, capture, record and manage user identities. It also manages related access permissions to proprietary information and company resources. As a result, improving identity and access management can provide some significant net dividends for companies in ways discussed herewith.
- Combination of identification and authorization and increased efficiency can lower the cost of ownership.
- To reduce the internal and external attacks, high improvements in security are provided.
- Secured and fast access to information by partners, employees, customers should be provided which also leads to increase of productivity, satisfaction and revenue.
- Higher levels of regulatory agreement through the implementations of complete security, audit and access policies.
- Gracefully provide greater business during events such as mergers and acquisitions.
- Firstly, understanding the organization’s IAM needs is important.
- The access layer and workflow processes design should not be complicated.
- Before starting the integration of IAM processes, lay out the business requirements.
- Be aware of and foster good partner relationship before signing a contract with a vendor.
- The above processes and components might not be needed at first based layout, and it depends on the organization’s strategic plan and business needs for integrating the IAM project.
IT auditors have to follow two rules, first to follow the rule of economy of scale and secondly, outsource its IAM operations. In addition to the total ownership costs, the other largest portion is spent on support, software, and hardware costs.