The definition of International trade isn't at all unlike how we would normally define domestic trade. The only difference is that the occurrence of trading crosses geographical boundaries. A country would consider trading Internationally in an effort to give their GDP a big boost very quickly. International trading is nothing new to the business world. We have been trading across boundaries ever since we found ways to move past borders in the latest modes of transportations but the way trading is done these days is far more complicated and lucrative than it used to be. Industrialization, globalization and formation of many multinational corporations have all changed the way nations deal with each other.
International trade is also important to the value of one's lives today; imagine if our choices were limited to what we can produce locally. Without the goods and services available from other countries, we would be living in a world confined to what we are given. . . this is against the principle of growth of humankind.
Trading Internationally involves heavy costs because on top of the price of the product or service, the nation's government will usually impose tariffs, time costs and the many other costs involved in moving (usually) the goods across into another country where language, system, culture and rules are considered a big hindrance.
One of the largest movers in the International trading world that we have today is China where labor is plentiful and cheap. Many labor-intensive products designed and produced by United States and other European countries are assembled or manufactured in China where labor is inexpensive. This is typical because it's a move that can save the original country a lot of time and money. Furthermore, with the opening of door of China, citizens now have more income opportunities to make life better.
However, when a country deals a lot with International trade, although it creates exponential income opportunities for the locals, by importing or exporting too much of something can cause damage to the local scene. During recession, countries suffer local pressure to change laws governing International trade to protect the local industries. The most painful and memorable of such incident is the Great Depression. Each country dealing with International trade have their very own laws and bylaws which governs their trading policies but on a global level, trading activities are monitored and done through the World Trade Organization.
The role of WTO is to ensure that there is peaceful and mutually benefiting business atmosphere. Trading amongst each other can cause minor unwanted rifts between parties concerned and if left to sizzle can cause major problems on the International front. In the event such problems are detected or voiced, the WTO can step in and take precedence over the disputes by holding talks, discussions and finding ways of solving the International trading problems amicably. One of the ways to do this is to sign agreements or multilateral agreements not unlike the FTAA between the Buenos Aires on the Free Trade Area of the Americans.
Don't be surprised but the people who benefit from all these International trading activities are the small businesses and medium-sized organizations who have good products or services to offer. So, if you're thinking about going this way, if you hit it right, you could be riding a long successful wave of business deals.
Copyright (c) 2008 Paul Hata
Paul is active in various social and community programs aimed at providing equal opportunity to education, health, jobs and business opportunities to all regardless of race or religion. Paul has over 10 years experience in managing a successful multi-million dollar advertising and publishing company. Paul can be reached at http://www.tradeplanets.com