Management is needed whenever several people work together in an organized unity, to reach organizational goals. Most companies and other business organizations have profit as their primary objective. If a firm stops having profits, it will be rather complicated to support its functioning on employees’ own initiative.
A manger has several functions such as planning, organizing, leading and controlling.
Planning refers to choosing a certain mission, determining the course of actions (such as projects, methods of implementation, etc. ) to achieve those stated missions. Organizing refers to identifying of sources and activities required and available to a certain organization, and delegating authorities and responsibilities to employees who have to carry out manager’s orders and instructions.
Organizing and planning will not be of use, unless a manager is capable to make the employees do what he and employer require them to do. This function is called leading. Power to motivate, style of leadership, and organizational talent are vitally important for any manager. Leading is performed though job descriptions, written orders, or which is rather common face to face, when an employer/manager gathers all the workers together on a staff meeting to explain them the most essential goals of an organization and updates them on any new policies within the company.
But still all the functions mentioned above will be useless without the last one – controlling. Controlling function is there to ensure everything goes the right way and the course of actions is being followed. Inspections, quality control reports, progress reports, financial statements, all exist to ensure proper functionality of an organization.
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