Already on ArticleSlash?

Forgot your password? Sign Up

Studio Photography Getting the Perfect White and Black Backgrounds

 


Visitors: 1,597

When shooting in a studio one of the frequent demands is to create a perfect white background or a perfect black background. Whilst small variations can be corrected using software such as photoshop this will frequently change the subject as well. Also fine detail such as hair might be lost. It is always best to try to light your subjects as close as possible to the final image and not rely on photoshop. You will however require a flash meter to get the settings right, otherwise there will be a large amount of trial and error.

White Backgrounds.

For this situation you will not only a light for the subject but also lights to illuminate the background. The backlight should be set up so that it provides a diffuse light over the background that will be in shot. There are various ways of achieving this, the easiest method I have found is to set up some cheap flash units that having an optical firing system.

When you have set up all the lights, turn off the studio flash which will be for the subject or model you are shooting. Then fire the background flashes and make a measure of the lighting. The figure you get, say for example f32, will be to produce a neutral grey. To make this pure white you need to over expose by 2 or 3 stops, so adjust the exposure accordingly (f11 for the above example).

Now turn off the backlights and turn on the models light and adjust the light output so that you get the correct amount of light for the chosen exposure.

Now turn on all the lights and do some test shots. You will probably have to make some minor adjustments to the exposure depending on the actual photographic studio set up you have. How confined the space, what color the walls are, how how the ceiling is will all effect the amount of reflected light and consequently the exposure and light levels you need. You will however be in the right ball park.

One frequent problem to look out for is the background having subtle variations from white to light grey. By repositioning the backlight or backlights and perhaps adding additional lights or diffusers this can be corrected. Don't fall into the frequent trap of trying to increasing the backlight massively so you have a 3 stop over exposure in the darkest area of the background and a greater over exposure say 4 or 5 stops nearest the light. This will create problems with lighting the subject, especially if you are working in a confined space.

Black Backgrounds

A black background for photography is actually far easier to achieve than a white background. There is one simple rule that will ensure that your blacks and jet black if you follow it. Make sure your background is at least twice the distance from the light source than the subject is. It really is that simple. If you have the space and there is little reflected light you will also be able to turn a charcoal grey background cloth into a jet black one by moving the background further back.

By using these two tips you will find that your photography is so much more enjoyable - when you finish a photoshoot you will find that your images are perfect without having to resort to changing levels or curves in photoshop. Above all experiment and enjoy your photography.

Paul Klein lives and works in Loughborough . He is currently undertaking a project to photographically document places and events in Loughborough . The work to date can be seen at Photographs of Loughborough.

(625)

Article Source:


 
Rate this Article: 
 
SEO - The Difference Between Black Hat and White Hat SEO
Rated 4 / 5
based on 5 votes
ArticleSlash

Related Articles:

Black and White Photography - Sustainable Art

by: Emily Olson (May 22, 2007) 
(Arts and Entertainment)

An Introduction To Black And White Photography

by: Timothy Cashman (August 05, 2007) 
(Arts and Entertainment/Photography)

Digital Photography Secrets For Black And White Shots

by: Idan Lavi (January 30, 2007) 
(Arts and Entertainment)

Use Photoshop For the Perfect Black and White Photo.

by: Shaun Pearce (May 30, 2008) 
(Computers and Technology/Software)

Prix photographe mariage - Photography with Backgrounds, Backdrops stands, ..

by: Christophe G (July 07, 2010) 
(Arts and Entertainment/Photography)

Black Hat, White Hat and Gray Hat SEO

by: Morten Hansen (July 28, 2007) 
(Internet and Businesses Online/Affiliate Revenue)

White and Black Magic

by: Reginald G. Johnson (June 27, 2008) 
(News/Religion)

The Pearl in White and Black

by: Ivy Lo (October 16, 2008) 
(Shopping and Product Reviews/Jewelry Diamonds)

Decorating in Black and White

by: Sarah Crosset (June 23, 2008) 
(Home Improvement/Interior Design and Decorating)

SEO - The Difference Between Black Hat and White Hat SEO

by: Anthony Gregory (January 07, 2007) 
(Internet and Businesses Online)